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U+8FBA, 辺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8FBA

[U+8FB9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FBB]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸竹 (YSH), four-corner 37302, composition)

  1. edge, margin, side, border
  2. Second round simplification of .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1253, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38710
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1735, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 6, page 3815, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8FBA

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Simplified from , where the original phonetic component (OC *hljuʔ, *hljus) was replaced with the more apparent and less complicated phonetic component (dāo).

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is an obsolete form of .)

Usage notes[edit]

Second-round simplification.


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
へん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/pen//fen//hen/

From Middle Chinese (/pen/, edge; margin, border; nearby, vicinity).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana へん, rōmaji hen)

  1. (colloquial) place, general area, vicinity
     (かれ)はその (へん)にいるはずだ。
    Kare wa sono hen ni iru hazu da.
    He must be there or somewhere.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana へん, rōmaji hen)

  1. (geometry) the joining line between two vertices of a polygon; edge, [side]
  2. (graph theory) any of the connected pairs of the vertices in a graph; edge

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

/pe1/ invalid IPA characters (1)/pe//fe//he/

From Old Japanese. The root of the modern Japanese directional particle (e).[3][1][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana , rōmaji he)

  1. place, general area, vicinity

Suffix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana , rōmaji -he)

  1. (obsolete) place, general area, vicinity
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix sense underwent phonological changes, with the reading shifting to either e or be. See also be below.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

/pe1/ invalid IPA characters (1)/pe//be/

From Old Japanese, from pe above.[3][1][4] The he changes to be as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana , rōmaji -be)

  1. place, general area, vicinity
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
へた
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[3][1][4] Originally a compound of (he, vicinity, see he above) +‎ (ta, place, area, the same ta element in 貴方 anata, now “you” in modern Japanese but previously meaning “that one over there”).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana へた, rōmaji heta)

  1. (obsolete) the area near something or along the edge of something

Suffix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana へた, rōmaji -heta)

  1. the area near something or along the edge of something
Usage notes[edit]

In modern Japanese, this changes phonologically into either /-ppeta/ or /-beta/.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
へち
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From at least the late Heian period.[3] Originally a compound of (he, vicinity, see he above) +‎ (chi, area?, the same chi element used to indicate general area in こち kochi, “around here, this area” and related words).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana へち, rōmaji hechi)

  1. (obsolete) the area near something or along the edge of something
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほとり
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From at least the Heian period.[1][4] Appears to be a compound or conjugation, but the ultimate derivation is unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ほとり, rōmaji hotori)

  1. the area near something or along the edge of something
  2. those people who are close to someone in terms of social relationships

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term
なべ
Grade: 4
Irregular

Appears to be a compound of (na, alternative form of no, the possessive particle) +‎ (be, vicinity, see be above).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [na̠be̞]

Suffix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana なべ, rōmaji -nabe)

  1. vicinity, area
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in names.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0