From Middle English brim, from Old English brim (“surf, flood, wave, sea, ocean, water, sea-edge, shore”), from Proto-Germanic *brimą (“turbulence, surge; surf, sea”), from Proto-Germanic *bremaną (“to roar”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrem-, *bʰerem-, *bʰrem(e)-, *breme- (“to hum, make a noise”). Cognate with Icelandic brim (“sea, surf”), Old English brymm, brym (“sea, waves”), Old English bremman (“to rage, roar”), Dutch brommen (“to hum, buzz”), German brummen (“to hum, drone”), Latin fremō (“roar, growl”, verb), Ancient Greek βρέμω (brémō, “roar, roar like the ocean”, verb).
brim (plural brims)
From Middle English brim, brem, brimme (“margin, edge of a river, lake, or sea”), probably from Middle English brim (“sea, ocean, surf, shore”). See above. Cognate with Dutch berm (“bank, riverbank”), Bavarian Bräm (“border, stripe”), German Bräme, Brame (“border, edge”), Danish bræmme (“border, edge, brim”), Swedish bräm (“border, edge”), Icelandic barmur (“edge, verge, brink”). Related to berm.
brim (plural brims)
- An edge or border (originally specifically of the sea or a body of water).
- The topmost rim or lip of a container.
- The toy box was filled to the brim with stuffed animals.
- A projecting rim, especially of a hat.
- He turned the back of his brim up stylishly.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Wordsworth to this entry?)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (intransitive) To be full to overflowing.
- The room brimmed with people.
- 2006 New York Times
- It was a hint of life in a place that still brims with memories of death, a reminder that even five years later, the attacks are not so very distant.
- 2011 July 3, Piers Newbury, “Wimbledon 2011: Novak Djokovic beats Rafael Nadal in final”, in BBC Sport:
- Djokovic, brimming with energy and confidence, needed little encouragement and came haring in to chase down a drop shot in the next game, angling away the backhand to break before turning to his supporters to celebrate.
- (transitive) To fill to the brim, upper edge, or top.
- Arrange the board and brim the glass.
- (poetic) the edge of the sea or a body of water
- (poetic) surf; the surface of the sea
- (poetic) sea, ocean, water
- brim in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press