brim

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English brim, brym, brymm ‎(surf, flood, wave, sea, ocean, water, sea-edge, shore), from Old English *brimman, bremman ‎(to rage, roar), from Proto-Germanic *bremmaną, *bremaną ‎(to roar), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrem-, *bʰerem-, *bʰrem(e)-, *breme- ‎(to hum, make a noise). Cognate with Icelandic brim ‎(sea, surf), Dutch brommen ‎(to hum, buzz), German brummen ‎(to hum, drone), Latin fremō ‎(roar, growl, verb), Ancient Greek βρέμω ‎(brémō, roar, roar like the ocean, verb).

Noun[edit]

brim ‎(plural brims)

  1. (obsolete) The sea; ocean; water; flood.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English brim, brem, brimme ‎(margin, edge of a river, lake, or sea), probably from Middle English brim ‎(sea, ocean, surf, shore). See above. Cognate with Dutch berm ‎(bank, riverbank), Bavarian Bräm ‎(border, stripe), German Bräme, Brame ‎(border, edge), Danish bræmme ‎(border, edge, brim), Swedish bräm ‎(border, edge), Icelandic barmur ‎(edge, verge, brink). Related to berm.

Noun[edit]

brim ‎(plural brims)

  1. An edge or border (originally specifically of the sea or a body of water).
    • Bible, Josh. iii. 15
      The feet of the priest that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water.
  2. The topmost rim or lip of a container.
    The toy box was filled to the brim with stuffed animals.
    • Coleridge:
      Saw I that insect on this goblet's brim / I would remove it with an anxious pity.
  3. A projecting rim, especially of a hat.
    He turned the back of his brim up stylishly.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wordsworth to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Verb[edit]

brim ‎(third-person singular simple present brims, present participle brimming, simple past and past participle brimmed)

  1. To be full to overflowing.
    The room brimmed with people.
    • 2006 New York Times
      It was a hint of life in a place that still brims with memories of death, a reminder that even five years later, the attacks are not so very distant.
    • 2011 July 3, Piers Newbury, “Wimbledon 2011: Novak Djokovic beats Rafael Nadal in final”, BBC Sport:
      Djokovic, brimming with energy and confidence, needed little encouragement and came haring in to chase down a drop shot in the next game, angling away the backhand to break before turning to his supporters to celebrate.
  2. (transitive) To fill to the brim, upper edge, or top.
    • Tennyson:
      Arrange the board and brim the glass.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Either from breme, or directly from Old English bremman ‎(to roar, rage) (though not attested in Middle English).

Verb[edit]

brim ‎(third-person singular simple present brims, present participle brimming, simple past and past participle brimmed)

  1. Of pigs: to be in heat, to rut.

Etymology 4[edit]

See breme.

Adjective[edit]

brim ‎(comparative more brim, superlative most brim)

  1. (obsolete) Fierce; sharp; cold.

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brim n

  1. (poetic) the edge of the sea or a body of water
  2. (poetic) surf; the surface of the sea
  3. (poetic) sea, ocean, water

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]