aba

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Contents

English[edit]

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:
An aba (garment).

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʿabāʾa). Compare abaya.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (countable and uncountable, plural abas)

  1. A coarse, often striped, felted fabric from the Middle East, woven from goat or camel hair.
  2. A loose-fitting sleeveless garment, made from aba or silk, worn by Arabs. [First attested in the early 19th century.][1]
    • 1934, Agatha Christie, chapter 5, in Murder on the Orient Express, London: HarperCollins, published 2017, page 110:
      'A pale mauve abba such as you buy in the East.'
    • 1957, Lawrence Durrell, Justine:
      Here Nessim would sit night after night in the winter, dressed in his old rust-coloured abba, staring gravely at Betelgeuse, or hovering over books of calculations for all the world like a medieval soothsayer.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

  • From the name of its creator, the French explorer A. T. d' Abbadie.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (plural abas)

  1. An altazimuth used for astronomy on either land or water.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (plural abas)

  1. The electric fish Gymnarchus niloticus (the frankfish, freshwater rat-tail, African knifefish), found in swamps, lakes and rivers in Africa.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], →ISBN), page 2

Anagrams[edit]


Dení[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f

  1. fish

References[edit]

  • “aba” in Gordon Koop, Lois Koop, Dicionário deni-português, Associação Internacional de Lingüística - SIL Brasil, 1985.

Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. taro

Ewe[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. mat

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Cognate with Portuguese aba, Spanish álabe, French aube, Romanian aripă.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f (plural abas)

  1. slope, hillside
    Synonyms: faldra,
  2. apron, smock; folds of a shirt or dress
    Synonym: faldra
  3. (anatomy) lap
    Synonym: colo
  4. brim of a hat
  5. rim

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • aba” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • aba” in Santamarina, Antón (dir.), Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja: Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega (v 4.0). Santiago: ILG.
  • aba” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997). Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico. Madrid: Gredos, s.v. álabe.

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

aba

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌱𐌰

Hiligaynon[edit]

Interjection[edit]

abá

  1. alas, gosh, well, whew
  2. wow

Interjection[edit]

abâ

  1. (questioning) really
  2. (questioning) ah, oh

Noun[edit]

abá

  1. (anatomy) shoulder blade

Verb[edit]

abá

  1. To carry on one's back

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay aba, from Arabic أب, from Proto-Semitic *ʾab-.

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب, plural aba-aba)

  1. father (male parent)

Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. Only used in ar aba

Noun[edit]

aba m sg

  1. genitive singular of ab

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aba n-aba haba not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Jamamadí[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. (Banawá) fish

References[edit]


Latgalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from an older Baltic form *arba, which is preserved in Lithuanian as arba (the meaning differs just slightly).

Conjunction[edit]

aba

  1. alias, AKA, or

Latvian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) just
  2. (archaic) just now

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) or

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) both

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba m (4th declension, irregular gender, dative singular)

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) Father; religious superior; in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch; a title given to Jewish scholars in the Talmudic period.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Malagasy[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. father

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aba, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب)

  1. Alternative form of abah

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic أبٌ, from Proto-Semitic *ʾab-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب, plural aba-aba)

  1. father (male parent)

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortened form of haba.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب)

  1. Alternative form of haba

Marshallese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English harbor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • MED phonemes: {habah}
  • IPA(key): /ɰapˠaɰ/, [ɑ̯ɑbˠɑɑ̯]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. a harbor.
  2. an anchorage.
  3. a port.

Further reading[edit]


Middle Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. genitive singular of ab

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aba unchanged n-aba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Tupi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. hair

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaβ̞a/, /ˈtaβ̞a/

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. village, especially a typical Brazilian indigenous village.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The stem aba could never be used inside a sentence without a prefix. The absolute form taba was used whenever the noun was not possessed.

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin alapa (slap, smack).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f (plural abas)

  1. brim (of a hat)
    a aba do chapéu
    the brim of the hat
  2. flap (hinged leaf of furniture)
  3. bank (of a river)
  4. (computing) tab (navigational widget in a GUI)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • aba in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا (abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʿabāʾa).

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. Thick wool-fabric, usually white, from which country-style clothing is often made.
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Interjection[edit]

aba

  1. An interjection that expresses wonder or draws attention to something.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ap, abb, from Latin abbās, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father).

Noun[edit]

aba m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)

  1. (Christianity) abbot
    An nì a nì an dara h-aba subhach, nì e dubhach an t-aba eile.
    What makes the one abbot glad makes the other abbot sad.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aba n-aba h-aba t-aba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Complied by Malcolm MacLennan)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا (abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʿabāʾa).

Noun[edit]

aba f (Cyrillic spelling аба)

  1. (regional) aba

Further reading[edit]

  • aba”, in Hrvatski jezični portal, 2006–2018

Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abâ

  1. poor, indigent
    Synonyms: dukha, maralita, hirap, mahirap
    Tulungan natin ang mga abang pamilya.
    Let's help the poor families.
  2. humble; ordinary
    Synonyms: karaniwan, pangkaraniwan
  3. oppressed, abused
    Synonyms: api, inapi, api-apihan
  4. unfortunate
    Synonym: kaawa-awa
  5. mean, despicable
    Synonym: hamak
Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a.ˈba/
  • (file)

Interjection[edit]

abá

  1. an exclamation of surprise, wonder, or admiration; wow
    Aba! Bakit ngayon mo lang sinabi?
    Hey! How come you only said it now?
    Aba! Ikaw ang bahala.
    Well! Do as you please.
    Aba oo.
    But of course.
  2. hail!
    Aba Ginoong Maria!
    Hail Mary!; Ave Maria!
Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

abá

  1. act of greeting or calling the attention of someone
  2. reminder or call of attention for someone about something
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *apa (mother, elder sister, aunt).

Noun[edit]

aba (definite accusative abayı, plural abalar)

  1. (dialectal) elder sister
  2. (dialectal) mother

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʿabāʾa).

Noun[edit]

aba (definite accusative abayı, plural abalar)

  1. felt (a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic آباء (ʾābāʾ).

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) fathers
  2. (archaic) ancestors, forefathers
  3. (archaic) Christian monks
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative aba
Definite accusative abayı
Singular Plural
Nominative aba abalar
Definite accusative abayı abaları
Dative abaya abalara
Locative abada abalarda
Ablative abadan abalardan
Genitive abanın abaların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular abam abalarım
2nd singular aban abaların
3rd singular abası abaları
1st plural abamız abalarımız
2nd plural abanız abalarınız
3rd plural abaları abaları

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. dative singular of ab

Further reading[edit]

  • aba in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb[edit]

-aba

  1. (transitive) to share
  2. (transitive) to distribute

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb[edit]

-aba

  1. (transitive) to divide, to apportion, to distribute
  2. (transitive) to share

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukwaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukwaba ukungabi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yaba yabe
Plural yabani yabeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaba, ngaba engabayo, engaba ngaba angabi engingabi ngingabi
2nd singular uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba waba awabi ongabi ungabi
1st plural siyaba, saba esabayo, esaba saba asabi esingabi singabi
2nd plural niyaba, naba enabayo, enaba naba anabi eningabi ningabi
Class 1 uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba aba akabi ongabi engabi
Class 2 bayaba, baba ababayo, ababa baba ababi abangabi bengabi
Class 3 uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba waba awabi ongabi ungabi
Class 4 iyaba, yaba eyabayo, eyaba yaba ayabi engabi ingabi
Class 5 liyaba, laba elabayo, elaba laba alabi elingabi lingabi
Class 6 ayaba, aba abayo, aba aba awabi angabi engabi
Class 7 siyaba, saba esabayo, esaba saba asabi esingabi singabi
Class 8 ziyaba, zaba ezabayo, ezaba zaba azabi ezingabi zingabi
Class 9 iyaba, yaba eyabayo, eyaba yaba ayabi engabi ingabi
Class 10 ziyaba, zaba ezabayo, ezaba zaba azabi ezingabi zingabi
Class 11 luyaba, lwaba olwabayo, olwaba lwaba alwabi olungabi lungabi
Class 14 buyaba, baba obabayo, obaba baba ababi obungabi bungabi
Class 15 kuyaba, kwaba okwabayo, okwaba kwaba akwabi okungabi kungabi
Class 17 kuyaba, kwaba okwabayo, okwaba kwaba akwabi okungabi kungabi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngabile, ngabē engabile, engabē ngabile, ngabē angabanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular wabile, wabē owabile, owabē wabile, wabē awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sabile, sabē esabile, esabē sabile, sabē asabanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nabile, nabē enabile, enabē nabile, nabē anabanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 wabile, wabē owabile, owabē abile, abē akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 babile, babē ababile, ababē babile, babē ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 wabile, wabē owabile, owabē wabile, wabē awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 yabile, yabē eyabile, eyabē yabile, yabē ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 labile, labē elabile, elabē labile, labē alabanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 abile, abē abile, abē abile, abē awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sabile, sabē esabile, esabē sabile, sabē asabanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zabile, zabē ezabile, ezabē zabile, zabē azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 yabile, yabē eyabile, eyabē yabile, yabē ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zabile, zabē ezabile, ezabē zabile, zabē azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lwabile, lwabē olwabile, olwabē lwabile, lwabē alwabanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 babile, babē obabile, obabē babile, babē ababanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kwabile, kwabē okwabile, okwabē kwabile, kwabē akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kwabile, kwabē okwabile, okwabē kwabile, kwabē akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāba engāba ngāba angabanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular wāba owāba wāba awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sāba esāba sāba asabanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nāba enāba nāba anabanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 wāba owāba āba akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 bāba abāba bāba ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 wāba owāba wāba awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 yāba eyāba yāba ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 lāba elāba lāba alabanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 āba āba āba awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sāba esāba sāba asabanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zāba ezāba zāba azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 yāba eyāba yāba ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zāba ezāba zāba azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lwāba olwāba lwāba alwabanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 bāba obāba bāba ababanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kwāba okwāba kwāba akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kwāba okwāba kwāba akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaba ngingaba ngingabe ngingabe
2nd singular ungaba ungaba ungabe ungabe
1st plural singaba singaba singabe singabe
2nd plural ningaba ningaba ningabe ningabe
Class 1 angaba engaba angabe engabe
Class 2 bangaba bengaba bangabe bengabe
Class 3 ungaba ungaba ungabe ungabe
Class 4 ingaba ingaba ingabe ingabe
Class 5 lingaba lingaba lingabe lingabe
Class 6 angaba engaba angabe engabe
Class 7 singaba singaba singabe singabe
Class 8 zingaba zingaba zingabe zingabe
Class 9 ingaba ingaba ingabe ingabe
Class 10 zingaba zingaba zingabe zingabe
Class 11 lungaba lungaba lungabe lungabe
Class 14 bungaba bungaba bungabe bungabe
Class 15 kungaba kungaba kungabe kungabe
Class 17 kungaba kungaba kungabe kungabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokwaba engizokwaba ngizokwaba angizukwaba ngingezukwaba
2nd singular uzokwaba ozokwaba uzokwaba awuzukwaba ungezukwaba
1st plural sizokwaba esizokwaba sizokwaba asizukwaba singezukwaba
2nd plural nizokwaba enizokwaba nizokwaba anizukwaba ningezukwaba
Class 1 uzokwaba ozokwaba ezokwaba akazukwaba engezukwaba
Class 2 bazokwaba abazokwaba bezokwaba abazukwaba bengezukwaba
Class 3 uzokwaba ozokwaba uzokwaba awuzukwaba ungezukwaba
Class 4 izokwaba ezokwaba izokwaba ayizukwaba ingezukwaba
Class 5 lizokwaba elizokwaba lizokwaba alizukwaba lingezukwaba
Class 6 azokwaba azokwaba ezokwaba awazukwaba engezukwaba
Class 7 sizokwaba esizokwaba sizokwaba asizukwaba singezukwaba
Class 8 zizokwaba ezizokwaba zizokwaba azizukwaba zingezukwaba
Class 9 izokwaba ezokwaba izokwaba ayizukwaba ingezukwaba
Class 10 zizokwaba ezizokwaba zizokwaba azizukwaba zingezukwaba
Class 11 luzokwaba oluzokwaba luzokwaba aluzukwaba lungezukwaba
Class 14 buzokwaba obuzokwaba buzokwaba abuzukwaba bungezukwaba
Class 15 kuzokwaba okuzokwaba kuzokwaba akuzukwaba kungezukwaba
Class 17 kuzokwaba okuzokwaba kuzokwaba akuzukwaba kungezukwaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokwaba engiyokwaba ngiyokwaba angiyukwaba ngingeyukwaba
2nd singular uyokwaba oyokwaba uyokwaba awuyukwaba ungeyukwaba
1st plural siyokwaba esiyokwaba siyokwaba asiyukwaba singeyukwaba
2nd plural niyokwaba eniyokwaba niyokwaba aniyukwaba ningeyukwaba
Class 1 uyokwaba oyokwaba eyokwaba akayukwaba engeyukwaba
Class 2 bayokwaba abayokwaba beyokwaba abayukwaba bengeyukwaba
Class 3 uyokwaba oyokwaba uyokwaba awuyukwaba ungeyukwaba
Class 4 iyokwaba eyokwaba iyokwaba ayiyukwaba ingeyukwaba
Class 5 liyokwaba eliyokwaba liyokwaba aliyukwaba lingeyukwaba
Class 6 ayokwaba ayokwaba eyokwaba awayukwaba engeyukwaba
Class 7 siyokwaba esiyokwaba siyokwaba asiyukwaba singeyukwaba
Class 8 ziyokwaba eziyokwaba ziyokwaba aziyukwaba zingeyukwaba
Class 9 iyokwaba eyokwaba iyokwaba ayiyukwaba ingeyukwaba
Class 10 ziyokwaba eziyokwaba ziyokwaba aziyukwaba zingeyukwaba
Class 11 luyokwaba oluyokwaba luyokwaba aluyukwaba lungeyukwaba
Class 14 buyokwaba obuyokwaba buyokwaba abuyukwaba bungeyukwaba
Class 15 kuyokwaba okuyokwaba kuyokwaba akuyukwaba kungeyukwaba
Class 17 kuyokwaba okuyokwaba kuyokwaba akuyukwaba kungeyukwaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabe ngingabi
2nd singular wabe ungabi
1st plural sabe singabi
2nd plural nabe ningabi
Class 1 abe angabi
Class 2 babe bangabi
Class 3 wabe ungabi
Class 4 yabe ingabi
Class 5 labe lingabi
Class 6 abe angabi
Class 7 sabe singabi
Class 8 zabe zingabi
Class 9 yabe ingabi
Class 10 zabe zingabi
Class 11 lwabe lungabi
Class 14 babe bungabi
Class 15 kwabe kungabi
Class 17 kwabe kungabi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaba angaba
2nd singular waba awaba
1st plural saba asaba
2nd plural naba anaba
Class 1 waba akaba
Class 2 baba ababa
Class 3 waba awaba
Class 4 yaba ayaba
Class 5 laba alaba
Class 6 aba awaba
Class 7 saba asaba
Class 8 zaba azaba
Class 9 yaba ayaba
Class 10 zaba azaba
Class 11 lwaba alwaba
Class 14 baba ababa
Class 15 kwaba akwaba
Class 17 kwaba akwaba

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]