aba

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English[edit]

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:
An aba (garment).

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَبَاءَة(ʿabāʾa). Compare abaya.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (countable and uncountable, plural abas)

  1. A coarse, often striped, felted fabric from the Middle East, woven from goat or camel hair.
  2. A loose-fitting sleeveless garment, made from aba or silk, worn by Arabs. [First attested in the early 19th century.][1]
    • 1934, Agatha Christie, chapter 5, in Murder on the Orient Express, London: HarperCollins, published 2017, page 110:
      'A pale mauve abba such as you buy in the East.'
    • 1957, Lawrence Durrell, Justine:
      Here Nessim would sit night after night in the winter, dressed in his old rust-coloured abba, staring gravely at Betelgeuse, or hovering over books of calculations for all the world like a medieval soothsayer.
  3. An outer garment made of the above, very simple in form, worn by the Arabs of the desert. The illustration shows such an aba, made of two breadths of stuff sewed together to make an oblong about four by nine feet.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

  • From the name of its creator, the French explorer A. T. d' Abbadie.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (plural abas)

  1. An altazimuth used for astronomy on either land or water.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (plural abas)

  1. The electric fish Gymnarchus niloticus (frankfish, freshwater rat-tail, African knifefish), found in swamps, lakes and rivers in Africa.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1889 Century Dictionary, volume 1 page 3
  1. ^ “aba” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 2.

Anagrams[edit]


Akan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (plural aba)

  1. seed(s)[2][1]
  2. fruit[2][1]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Kotey, Paul A. (1998). Twi-English/English-Twi Dictionary. New York: Hippocrene Books. →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 aba” in Christaller, Johann Gottlieb (1881). A Dictionary of the Asante and Fante Language Called Tshi (Chwee, Tw̌i)p. 2. Basel.

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا(abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة(ʿabāʾa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f (indefinite plural aba, definite singular abaja, definite plural abat)

  1. (old) thin felt (usually white or gray)

Arawak[edit]

Numeral[edit]

aba

  1. (Western Arawak) one.

Synonyms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑˈbɑ/
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *apa (father).

Noun[edit]

aba (definite accusative abanı, plural abalar)

  1. (dialectal, Gadabay, Quba, Ordubad, Zangilan) father
    Synonym: ata

Etymology 2[edit]

From Common Turkic *apa (mother, elder sister, aunt).

Noun[edit]

aba (definite accusative abanı, plural abalar)

  1. (dialectal, Jabrayil, Qakh, Shamkir, Tabriz) mother
    Synonym: ana
  2. (dialectal) elder sister
  3. (dialectal) elder sister-in-law

Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَبَاءَة(ʿabāʾa).

Noun[edit]

aba (definite accusative abanı, plural abalar)

  1. aba

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Axundov A. A., Kazımov Q. Ş., Behbudov S. M., editors (2007), “aba I”, in Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti [Dialectological Dictionary of the Azerbaijani Language] (in Azerbaijani), Baku: Şərq-Qərb, →ISBN, page 11a
  • Axundov A. A., Kazımov Q. Ş., Behbudov S. M., editors (2007), “aba II”, in Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti [Dialectological Dictionary of the Azerbaijani Language] (in Azerbaijani), Baku: Şərq-Qərb, →ISBN, page 11a
  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*apa-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*appa-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Dení[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f

  1. fish

References[edit]

  • “aba” in Gordon Koop, Lois Koop, Dicionário deni-português, Associação Internacional de Lingüística - SIL Brasil, 1985.

Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. taro

Ewe[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. mat[1]
  2. bed[1]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Fiagã, Kwasi (1976). Grammaire eʋe: Eʋegbe ŋutinunya. Lomé: Institut national de la recherche scientifique, p. 101.

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Cognate with Portuguese aba, Spanish álabe, French aube, Romanian aripă.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f (plural abas)

  1. slope, hillside
    Synonyms: faldra,
  2. apron, smock; folds of a shirt or dress
    Synonym: faldra
  3. (anatomy) lap
    Synonym: colo
  4. brim of a hat
  5. rim

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

aba

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌱𐌰

Hiligaynon[edit]

Interjection[edit]

abá

  1. alas, gosh, well, whew
  2. wow

Interjection[edit]

abâ

  1. (questioning) really
  2. (questioning) ah, oh

Noun[edit]

abá

  1. (anatomy) shoulder blade

Verb[edit]

abá

  1. To carry on one's back

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay aba, from Arabic أب‎, from Proto-Semitic *ʾab-.

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب, plural aba-aba)

  1. father (male parent)

Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. Only used in ar aba

Noun[edit]

aba m sg

  1. genitive singular of ab

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aba n-aba haba not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Jamamadí[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. (Banawá) fish

References[edit]


Latgalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from an older Baltic form *arba, which is preserved in Lithuanian as arba (the meaning differs just slightly).

Conjunction[edit]

aba

  1. alias, AKA, or

Latvian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) just
  2. (archaic) just now

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) or

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) both

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba m (4th declension, irregular gender, dative singular)

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) Father; religious superior; in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch; a title given to Jewish scholars in the Talmudic period.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Malagasy[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. (dialectal) father

Further reading[edit]

  • aba in Malagasy dictionaries at malagasyword.org

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aba, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب)

  1. Alternative form of abah

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic أبٌ‎, from Proto-Semitic *ʾab-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب, plural aba-aba)

  1. father (male parent)

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortened form of haba.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba (Jawi spelling اب)

  1. Alternative form of haba

Marshallese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English harbor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [ɑbˠɑ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /ɰæpˠæɰ/
  • Bender phonemes: {habah}

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. a harbor.
  2. an anchorage.
  3. a port.

Further reading[edit]


Mezquital Otomi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish haba (bean; bump, nodule; equine palatitis), from Latin faba (bean).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ǎba

  1. equine palatitis

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hernández Cruz, Luis; Victoria Torquemada, Moisés (2010) Diccionario del hñähñu (otomí) del Valle del Mezquital, estado de Hidalgo (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 45)‎[1] (in Spanish), second edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 3

Middle Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. genitive singular of ab

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aba unchanged n-aba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Tupi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. hair

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaβ̞a/, /ˈtaβ̞a/

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. village, especially a typical Brazilian indigenous village.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The stem aba could never be used inside a sentence without a prefix. The absolute form taba was used whenever the noun was not possessed.

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin alapa (slap, smack).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f (plural abas)

  1. brim (of a hat)
    a aba do chapéu
    the brim of the hat
  2. flap (hinged leaf of furniture)
  3. bank (of a river)
  4. (computing) tab (navigational widget in a GUI)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • aba in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا(abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة(ʿabāʾa).

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. Thick wool-fabric, usually white, from which country-style clothing is often made.
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Interjection[edit]

aba

  1. An interjection that expresses wonder or draws attention to something.

Further reading[edit]


Sardinian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ava, feminine of avus.

Noun[edit]

aba f (plural abas)

  1. grandmother

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ala

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f (plural abas)

  1. wing

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ap, abb, from Latin abbās, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא(’abbā, father).

Noun[edit]

aba m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)

  1. (Christianity) abbot
    An nì a nì an dara h-aba subhach, nì e dubhach an t-aba eile.
    What makes the one abbot glad makes the other abbot sad.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aba n-aba h-aba t-aba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • aba” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Complied by Malcolm MacLennan)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا(abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة(ʿabāʾa).

Noun[edit]

aba f (Cyrillic spelling аба)

  1. (regional) aba

Further reading[edit]

  • aba” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb[edit]

-aba

  1. to divide, to distribute

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb[edit]

-ába

  1. (transitive) to share
  2. (transitive) to distribute

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abâ

  1. poor, indigent
    Synonyms: dukha, maralita, hirap, mahirap
    Tulungan natin ang mga abang pamilya.
    Let's help the poor families.
  2. humble; ordinary
    Synonyms: karaniwan, pangkaraniwan
  3. oppressed, abused
    Synonyms: api, inapi, api-apihan
  4. unfortunate
    Synonym: kaawa-awa
  5. mean, despicable
    Synonym: hamak
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈba/
  • (file)

Interjection[edit]

abá

  1. an exclamation of surprise, wonder, or admiration; wow
    Synonym: naku
    Aba! Bakit ngayon mo lang sinabi?
    Hey! How come you only said it now?
    Aba! Ikaw ang bahala.
    Well! Do as you please.
    Aba oo.
    But of course.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Spanish ave.

Interjection[edit]

abá

  1. hail!
    Aba Ginoong Maria!
    Hail Mary!; Ave Maria!

Noun[edit]

abá

  1. act of greeting or calling the attention of someone
    Synonyms: bati, pagbati
  2. reminder or call of attention for someone about something
    Synonyms: banggit, ino, pagbanggit, pag-ino
Derived terms[edit]

Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. (dialectal) father

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *apa (mother, elder sister, aunt).

Noun[edit]

aba (definite accusative abayı, plural abalar)

  1. (dialectal) elder sister
  2. (dialectal) mother

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَبَاءَة(ʿabāʾa).

Noun[edit]

aba (definite accusative abayı, plural abalar)

  1. felt (a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic آباء(ʾābāʾ).

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. (archaic) fathers
  2. (archaic) ancestors, forefathers
  3. (archaic) Christian monks
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative aba
Definite accusative abayı
Singular Plural
Nominative aba abalar
Definite accusative abayı abaları
Dative abaya abalara
Locative abada abalarda
Ablative abadan abalardan
Genitive abanın abaların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular abam abalarım
2nd singular aban abaların
3rd singular abası abaları
1st plural abamız abalarımız
2nd plural abanız abalarınız
3rd plural abaları abaları

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. dative singular of ab

Further reading[edit]

  • aba in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

Weyewa[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba

  1. (Loli) fat
  2. (Loli) mouth

References[edit]

  • Lobu Ori, S,Pd, M.Pd (2010), “aba”, in Kamus Bahasa Lolina [Dictionary of the Loli Language] (in Indonesian), Waikabubak: Kepala Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata, Kabupaten Sumba Barat

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb[edit]

-aba

  1. (transitive) to share
  2. (transitive) to distribute
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

âba

  1. these; class 2 proximal demonstrative.

Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

aba f

  1. felt (a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres)

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb[edit]

-aba

  1. (transitive) to divide, to apportion, to distribute
  2. (transitive) to share

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukwaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukwaba ukungabi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yaba -abe
Plural yabani -abeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaba, ngaba engabayo, engaba ngaba angabi engingabi ngingabi
2nd singular uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba waba awabi ongabi ungabi
1st plural siyaba, saba esabayo, esaba saba asabi esingabi singabi
2nd plural niyaba, naba enabayo, enaba naba anabi eningabi ningabi
Class 1 uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba aba akabi ongabi engabi
Class 2 bayaba, baba ababayo, ababa baba ababi abangabi bengabi
Class 3 uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba waba awabi ongabi ungabi
Class 4 iyaba, yaba eyabayo, eyaba yaba ayabi engabi ingabi
Class 5 liyaba, laba elabayo, elaba laba alabi elingabi lingabi
Class 6 ayaba, aba abayo, aba aba awabi angabi engabi
Class 7 siyaba, saba esabayo, esaba saba asabi esingabi singabi
Class 8 ziyaba, zaba ezabayo, ezaba zaba azabi ezingabi zingabi
Class 9 iyaba, yaba eyabayo, eyaba yaba ayabi engabi ingabi
Class 10 ziyaba, zaba ezabayo, ezaba zaba azabi ezingabi zingabi
Class 11 luyaba, lwaba olwabayo, olwaba lwaba alwabi olungabi lungabi
Class 14 buyaba, baba obabayo, obaba baba ababi obungabi bungabi
Class 15 kuyaba, kwaba okwabayo, okwaba kwaba akwabi okungabi kungabi
Class 17 kuyaba, kwaba okwabayo, okwaba kwaba akwabi okungabi kungabi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngabile, ngabē engabile, engabē ngabile, ngabē angabanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular wabile, wabē owabile, owabē wabile, wabē awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sabile, sabē esabile, esabē sabile, sabē asabanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nabile, nabē enabile, enabē nabile, nabē anabanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 wabile, wabē owabile, owabē abile, abē akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 babile, babē ababile, ababē babile, babē ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 wabile, wabē owabile, owabē wabile, wabē awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 yabile, yabē eyabile, eyabē yabile, yabē ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 labile, labē elabile, elabē labile, labē alabanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 abile, abē abile, abē abile, abē awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sabile, sabē esabile, esabē sabile, sabē asabanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zabile, zabē ezabile, ezabē zabile, zabē azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 yabile, yabē eyabile, eyabē yabile, yabē ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zabile, zabē ezabile, ezabē zabile, zabē azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lwabile, lwabē olwabile, olwabē lwabile, lwabē alwabanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 babile, babē obabile, obabē babile, babē ababanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kwabile, kwabē okwabile, okwabē kwabile, kwabē akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kwabile, kwabē okwabile, okwabē kwabile, kwabē akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāba engāba ngāba angabanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular wāba owāba wāba awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sāba esāba sāba asabanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nāba enāba nāba anabanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 wāba owāba āba akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 bāba abāba bāba ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 wāba owāba wāba awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 yāba eyāba yāba ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 lāba elāba lāba alabanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 āba āba āba awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sāba esāba sāba asabanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zāba ezāba zāba azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 yāba eyāba yāba ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zāba ezāba zāba azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lwāba olwāba lwāba alwabanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 bāba obāba bāba ababanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kwāba okwāba kwāba akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kwāba okwāba kwāba akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaba ngingaba ngingabe ngingabe
2nd singular ungaba ungaba ungabe ungabe
1st plural singaba singaba singabe singabe
2nd plural ningaba ningaba ningabe ningabe
Class 1 angaba engaba angabe engabe
Class 2 bangaba bengaba bangabe bengabe
Class 3 ungaba ungaba ungabe ungabe
Class 4 ingaba ingaba ingabe ingabe
Class 5 lingaba lingaba lingabe lingabe
Class 6 angaba engaba angabe engabe
Class 7 singaba singaba singabe singabe
Class 8 zingaba zingaba zingabe zingabe
Class 9 ingaba ingaba ingabe ingabe
Class 10 zingaba zingaba zingabe zingabe
Class 11 lungaba lungaba lungabe lungabe
Class 14 bungaba bungaba bungabe bungabe
Class 15 kungaba kungaba kungabe kungabe
Class 17 kungaba kungaba kungabe kungabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokwaba engizokwaba ngizokwaba angizukwaba engingezukwaba ngingezukwaba
2nd singular uzokwaba ozokwaba uzokwaba awuzukwaba ongezukwaba ungezukwaba
1st plural sizokwaba esizokwaba sizokwaba asizukwaba esingezukwaba singezukwaba
2nd plural nizokwaba enizokwaba nizokwaba anizukwaba eningezukwaba ningezukwaba
Class 1 uzokwaba ozokwaba ezokwaba akazukwaba ongezukwaba engezukwaba
Class 2 bazokwaba abazokwaba bezokwaba abazukwaba abangezukwaba bengezukwaba
Class 3 uzokwaba ozokwaba uzokwaba awuzukwaba ongezukwaba ungezukwaba
Class 4 izokwaba ezokwaba izokwaba ayizukwaba engezukwaba ingezukwaba
Class 5 lizokwaba elizokwaba lizokwaba alizukwaba elingezukwaba lingezukwaba
Class 6 azokwaba azokwaba ezokwaba awazukwaba angezukwaba engezukwaba
Class 7 sizokwaba esizokwaba sizokwaba asizukwaba esingezukwaba singezukwaba
Class 8 zizokwaba ezizokwaba zizokwaba azizukwaba ezingezukwaba zingezukwaba
Class 9 izokwaba ezokwaba izokwaba ayizukwaba engezukwaba ingezukwaba
Class 10 zizokwaba ezizokwaba zizokwaba azizukwaba ezingezukwaba zingezukwaba
Class 11 luzokwaba oluzokwaba luzokwaba aluzukwaba olungezukwaba lungezukwaba
Class 14 buzokwaba obuzokwaba buzokwaba abuzukwaba obungezukwaba bungezukwaba
Class 15 kuzokwaba okuzokwaba kuzokwaba akuzukwaba okungezukwaba kungezukwaba
Class 17 kuzokwaba okuzokwaba kuzokwaba akuzukwaba okungezukwaba kungezukwaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokwaba engiyokwaba ngiyokwaba angiyukwaba engingeyukwaba ngingeyukwaba
2nd singular uyokwaba oyokwaba uyokwaba awuyukwaba ongeyukwaba ungeyukwaba
1st plural siyokwaba esiyokwaba siyokwaba asiyukwaba esingeyukwaba singeyukwaba
2nd plural niyokwaba eniyokwaba niyokwaba aniyukwaba eningeyukwaba ningeyukwaba
Class 1 uyokwaba oyokwaba eyokwaba akayukwaba ongeyukwaba engeyukwaba
Class 2 bayokwaba abayokwaba beyokwaba abayukwaba abangeyukwaba bengeyukwaba
Class 3 uyokwaba oyokwaba uyokwaba awuyukwaba ongeyukwaba ungeyukwaba
Class 4 iyokwaba eyokwaba iyokwaba ayiyukwaba engeyukwaba ingeyukwaba
Class 5 liyokwaba eliyokwaba liyokwaba aliyukwaba elingeyukwaba lingeyukwaba
Class 6 ayokwaba ayokwaba eyokwaba awayukwaba angeyukwaba engeyukwaba
Class 7 siyokwaba esiyokwaba siyokwaba asiyukwaba esingeyukwaba singeyukwaba
Class 8 ziyokwaba eziyokwaba ziyokwaba aziyukwaba ezingeyukwaba zingeyukwaba
Class 9 iyokwaba eyokwaba iyokwaba ayiyukwaba engeyukwaba ingeyukwaba
Class 10 ziyokwaba eziyokwaba ziyokwaba aziyukwaba ezingeyukwaba zingeyukwaba
Class 11 luyokwaba oluyokwaba luyokwaba aluyukwaba olungeyukwaba lungeyukwaba
Class 14 buyokwaba obuyokwaba buyokwaba abuyukwaba obungeyukwaba bungeyukwaba
Class 15 kuyokwaba okuyokwaba kuyokwaba akuyukwaba okungeyukwaba kungeyukwaba
Class 17 kuyokwaba okuyokwaba kuyokwaba akuyukwaba okungeyukwaba kungeyukwaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabe ngingabi
2nd singular wabe ungabi
1st plural sabe singabi
2nd plural nabe ningabi
Class 1 abe angabi
Class 2 babe bangabi
Class 3 wabe ungabi
Class 4 yabe ingabi
Class 5 labe lingabi
Class 6 abe angabi
Class 7 sabe singabi
Class 8 zabe zingabi
Class 9 yabe ingabi
Class 10 zabe zingabi
Class 11 lwabe lungabi
Class 14 babe bungabi
Class 15 kwabe kungabi
Class 17 kwabe kungabi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaba ngangaba, angaba, angangaba
2nd singular waba wangaba, awaba, awangaba
1st plural saba sangaba, asaba, asangaba
2nd plural naba nangaba, anaba, anangaba
Class 1 waba wangaba, akaba, akangaba
Class 2 baba bangaba, ababa, abangaba
Class 3 waba wangaba, awaba, awangaba
Class 4 yaba yangaba, ayaba, ayangaba
Class 5 laba langaba, alaba, alangaba
Class 6 aba angaba, awaba, awangaba
Class 7 saba sangaba, asaba, asangaba
Class 8 zaba zangaba, azaba, azangaba
Class 9 yaba yangaba, ayaba, ayangaba
Class 10 zaba zangaba, azaba, azangaba
Class 11 lwaba lwangaba, alwaba, alwangaba
Class 14 baba bangaba, ababa, abangaba
Class 15 kwaba kwangaba, akwaba, akwangaba
Class 17 kwaba kwangaba, akwaba, akwangaba

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]