aby

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Aby

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English abyen, abien, abiggen, from Old English ābyċġan (to buy; pay for; buy off; requite; recompense; redeem; perform; execute), from Proto-Germanic *uzbugjaną, equivalent to a- +‎ buy. Cognate with Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌱𐌿𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (usbugjan).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aby (third-person singular simple present abys, present participle abying, simple past and past participle abought)

  1. (transitive)
    1. (archaic) To pay the penalty for (something); to atone for, to make amends. [from 12th c.]
      Synonym: make up
    2. (archaic, figuratively) To pay (something) as a penalty; to suffer (something). [from 12th c.]
      Synonym: sustain
    3. (obsolete except Scotland) To endure or tolerate (something); to experience. [from 16th c.]
      Synonyms: brook, go on, hold on, put up with; see also Thesaurus:persist, Thesaurus:tolerate
    4. (obsolete) To pay for (something); to buy. [12th–16th c.]
      Synonyms: procure, purchase; see also Thesaurus:buy
  2. (intransitive, obsolete)
    1. To pay the penalty; to atone. [12th–16th c.]
      Synonyms: expiate, propitiate
    2. To endure; to remain. [14th–16th c.]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Aby and abide became confused with each other for a period of time.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002) , “aby”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 11.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

aby

  1. so that, in order to, so

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • aby in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • aby in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Univerbation of (that) +‎ by (would)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aby (defective, invariable)

  1. thatwould

Further reading[edit]

  • Arnošt Muka (1921, 1928) , “aby”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German, Russian), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted (in German)Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • aby in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a +‎ -by.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

aby

  1. to, in order to, so that
    Synonyms: by, żeby, ażeby

Further reading[edit]

  • aby in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • aby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

aby (comparative mair aby, superlative maist aby)

  1. (Doric) ago, past