abide

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English abyden, from Old English ābīdan (to abide, wait, remain, delay, remain behind; survive; wait for, await; expect), from Proto-Germanic *uzbīdaną (to expect, tolerate), equivalent to a- +‎ bide. Cognate with Scots abide (to abide, remain), Middle High German erbīten (to await, expect), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌱𐌴𐌹𐌳𐌰𐌽 (usbeidan, to expect, await, have patience). The sense of pay for is due to influence from aby.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abide (third-person singular simple present abides, present participle abiding, simple past abode or abided, past participle abode or abided or (rare) abidden)

  1. (transitive) To endure without yielding; to withstand. [from mid-12th century][2]
    Synonyms: hold on, resist, persevere; see also Thesaurus:persevere
    The old oak tree abides the wind endlessly.
  2. (transitive) To bear patiently. [from late 15th century][2]
    Synonyms: brook, put up with, tolerate; see also Thesaurus:tolerate
    "I never could abide shoemakers," said an old servant,—and it ended in her marrying one.[3]
  3. (transitive) To pay for; to stand the consequences of. [from late 16th century][2]
    Synonyms: answer for, suffer, atone
  4. Used in a phrasal verb: abide by (to accept and act in accordance with).
    The new teacher was strict and the students did not want to abide by his rules.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To wait in expectation. [from mid-12th to mid-17th century][2]
    Synonyms: hold on, stay; see also Thesaurus:wait
  6. (intransitive, obsolete) To pause; to delay. [from c. 1150-1350 to mid-17th century][2]
  7. (intransitive, archaic, Scotland) To stay; to continue in a place; to remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to be left. [from c. 1150-1350][2]
  8. (intransitive, archaic) To have one's abode. [from c. 1350-1470][2]
    Synonyms: dwell, live, reside; see also Thesaurus:reside
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Genesis 24:55:
      And her brother and her mother ſaid, Let the damſell abide with vs a few dayes, at the leaſt ten ; after that, ſhe ſhall goe.
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      In empty hush, in airless gloom, Mr. Knott abode, in the large room set aside for his exclusive enjoyment, and that of his attendant.
  9. (intransitive, archaic) To endure; to remain; to last. [from c. 1350-1470][2]
    • 1998, Joel and Ethan Coen, The Big Lebowski, spoken by Narrator (Sam Elliot):
      The Dude abides.
  10. (transitive, archaic) To stand ready for; to await for someone; watch for. [from early 12th century][2]
    Synonyms: await, wait for; see also Thesaurus:wait for
  11. (transitive, obsolete) To endure or undergo a hard trial or a task; to stand up under. [from c. 1150-1350 to early 18th century.][2]
  12. (transitive, archaic) To await submissively; accept without question; submit to. [from c. 1350-1470.][2]

Usage notes[edit]

  • (bear patiently): The negative form can't abide is used to indicate strong dislike.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 3
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abide”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 4.
  3. ^ Robert Holland, M.R.A.C., A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester, Part I--A to F., English Dialect Society, London, 1884, 1

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

abide

  1. genitive plural of abi

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish آبده‎, from Arabic آبِدة(ʾābida), from آبِد‎(ʾābid), active participle of أَبَدَ(ʾabada). The sense of monument first attested around 1908 with respect to the Monument of Liberty (Âbide-i Hürriyet) then under construction in Istanbul.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abide

  1. something of monumental importance
  2. monument
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative abide
Definite accusative abideyi
Singular Plural
Nominative abide abideler
Definite accusative abideyi abideleri
Dative abideye abidelere
Locative abidede abidelerde
Ablative abideden abidelerden
Genitive abidenin abidelerin

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

abide

  1. locative singular of abi