From Middle English suffren, from Anglo-Norman suffrir, from Latin sufferō (“to offer, hold up, bear, suffer”), from sub- (“up, under”) + ferō (“I carry”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (“to bear, carry”). Displaced native Old English þrōwian.
- (intransitive) To undergo hardship.
- Synonym: bear
- Is anyone here afraid of suffering hardship?
- (intransitive) To feel pain.
- (intransitive) To become worse.
- Synonyms: deteriorate, worsen; see also Thesaurus:worsen
- If you keep partying like this, your school-work will suffer.
- 1961 October, “Motive Power Miscellany: Scottish Region”, in Trains Illustrated, page 638:
- Our correspondent found that timekeeping had suffered following the substitution of Class 5 4-6-0s on these workings.
- (transitive) To endure, undergo.
- Synonyms: bear, dree, thole; see also Thesaurus:tolerate
- I've been suffering your insults for years.
- We hope you never have to suffer the same pain.
- c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iv]:
- If you may pleaſe to thinke I loue the King, / And through him, what’s neereſt to him, which is / Your gracious ſelfe; embrace but my direction, / If your more ponderous and ſetled proiect may ſuffer alteration.
- 2013 July 6, “The rise of smart beta”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8843, page 68:
- Investors face a quandary. Cash offers a return of virtually zero in many developed countries; government-bond yields may have risen in recent weeks but they are still unattractive. Equities have suffered two big bear markets since 2000 and are wobbling again. It is hardly surprising that pension funds, insurers and endowments are searching for new sources of return.
- (transitive, archaic, law) To allow.
- Synonym: permit
- 1938, The U.S. Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 203:
- "Employ" includes to suffer or permit to work.
- 1978, Section 31-36 of the Code of Montgomery County, Maryland:
- […] it shall be unlawful for any person to cause, allow, permit or suffer any vehicle to be parked […] beyond the period of time established by the duration of the parking meter […]
suffer m (plural suffers)
- Alternative form of