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From Proto-Italic *doleō (hurt, cause pain), from Proto-Indo-European *dolh₁éyeti (divide), from *delh₁- (cut). The sense development is thus assumed to be that "divide" came to mean "divide someone into pieces, hurt". Compare dolō (hew, fashion, devise).



doleō (present infinitive dolēre, perfect active doluī, supine dolitum); second conjugation, no passive

  1. (intransitive) to hurt, suffer (physical pain)
  2. (intransitive) to be sorry, to grieve for, lament, deplore
    • Bernard of Clairvaux :
      Vulgo dicitur: quod non videt oculus, cor non dolet
      It is commonly said: What the eye does not see, the heart does not grieve


   Conjugation of doleō (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present doleō dolēs dolet dolēmus dolētis dolent
imperfect dolēbam dolēbās dolēbat dolēbāmus dolēbātis dolēbant
future dolēbō dolēbis dolēbit dolēbimus dolēbitis dolēbunt
perfect doluī doluistī doluit doluimus doluistis doluērunt,
pluperfect dolueram doluerās doluerat doluerāmus doluerātis doluerant
future perfect doluerō dolueris doluerit doluerimus dolueritis doluerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present doleam doleās doleat doleāmus doleātis doleant
imperfect dolērem dolērēs dolēret dolērēmus dolērētis dolērent
perfect doluerim doluerīs doluerit doluerīmus doluerītis doluerint
pluperfect doluissem doluissēs doluisset doluissēmus doluissētis doluissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dolē dolēte
future dolētō dolētō dolētōte dolentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dolēre doluisse dolitūrum esse
participles dolēns dolitūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dolendī dolendō dolendum dolendō dolitum dolitū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • doleo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • doleo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • doleo in Dizionario Latino, Olivetti
  • doleo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am pained, vexed, sorry: doleo aliquid, aliqua re, de and ex aliqua re
    • I am sorry for you: tuam vicem doleo
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 176