dolor

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See also: dolôr

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Anglo-Norman dolour, mainland Old French dolor (modern douleur), from Latin dolor ‎(pain, grief).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dolor ‎(plural dolors)

  1. (literary) Sorrow, grief, misery or anguish.
  2. A unit of pain used to theoretically weigh people's outcomes.
    • 1986, Rosemarie Tong, Ethics in policy analysis, ISBN 9780132909174:
      Supposedly, utilitarians are able to add and subtract hedons (units of pleasure) and dolors (units of pain) without any signs of cognitive or affective distress []

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (unit of pain): util

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dolor, dolōris.

Noun[edit]

dolor m ‎(plural dolores)

  1. pain

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal dolor, from Latin dolor ‎(pain, sorrow), dolōris.

Noun[edit]

dolor m, f ‎(plural dolors)

  1. pain of a continuing nature, especially that of rheumatism
  2. sorrow or grief of a continuing nature

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Ladino[edit]

Noun[edit]

dolor f ‎(Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling דולור)

  1. pain

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *dolōs, from Proto-Indo-European *delh₁- ‎(to hew, to split, verbal root). [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dolor m ‎(genitive dolōris); third declension

  1. pain, ache, hurt
  2. anguish, grief, sorrow
  3. indignation, resentment, anger

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative dolor dolōrēs
genitive dolōris dolōrum
dative dolōrī dolōribus
accusative dolōrem dolōrēs
ablative dolōre dolōribus
vocative dolor dolōrēs

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • dolor in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dolor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dolor in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • time will assuage his grief: dies dolorem mitigabit
    • to soothe grief: consolari dolorem alicuius
    • to feel pain: dolore affici
    • to be vexed about a thing: dolorem capere (percipere) ex aliqua re
    • to feel acute pain: doloribus premi, angi, ardere, cruciari, distineri et divelli
    • to cause a person pain: dolorem alicui facere, afferre, commovere
    • to cause any one very acute pain: acerbum dolorem alicui inurere
    • the pain is very severe: acer morsus doloris est (Tusc. 2. 22. 53)
    • to find relief in tears: dolorem in lacrimas effundere
    • to give way to grief: dolori indulgere
    • grief has struck deep into his soul: dolor infixus animo haeret (Phil. 2. 26)
    • to be wasted with grief; to die of grief: dolore confici, tabescere
    • the pain grows less: dolores remittunt, relaxant
    • to struggle against grief: dolori resistere
    • to render insensible to pain: callum obducere dolori (Tusc. 2. 15. 36)
    • I have become callous to all pain: animus meus ad dolorem obduruit (Fam. 2. 16. 1)
    • to banish grief: dolorem abicere, deponere, depellere
    • to free a person from his pain: dolorem alicui eripere (Att. 9. 6. 4)
    • to my sorrow: cum magno meo dolore
  • dolor in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^ Meier-Brugger, Indo-European Linguistics

Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal dolor, from Latin dolor ‎(pain, sorrow), dolōris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dolor m, f (plural dolors)

  1. pain

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dolor, dolōris.

Noun[edit]

dolor m ‎(oblique plural dolors, nominative singular dolors, nominative plural dolor)

  1. pain; suffering

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dolor, dolōris.

Noun[edit]

dolor m, f

  1. pain

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dolor ‎(pain; grief).

Noun[edit]

dolor m ‎(plural dolores)

  1. pain

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]