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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Latin dolēre, present active infinitive of doleō.



  1. to suffer
    • circa 1170, Chrétien de Troyes, 'Érec et Énide':
      Je sai bien que mout vos dolez.
      I know you're suffering a lot
    • circa 1200, Robert Mauvoisin, Au tens d'esté que voi vergiers florir:
      La haute amor qui m'est el cuer entree
      Souvent me fet le cuer et le cors doloir.
      The great love that has entered into my heart
      Often makes my heart and my body suffer.
  2. to inflict pain or suffering


This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a stressed present stem duel distinct from the unstressed stem dol, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]


  • French: douloir


  • “Appendix E: Irregular Verbs” in E. Einhorn (1974), Old French: A Concise Handbook, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 153