वहति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *wáźʰati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wáȷ́ʰati, from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (to ride). Cognate with Latin vehō, Old English wegan (whence English weigh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

वहति (váhati) (root वह्, class 1, type P)

  1. to carry, transport, convey (with instr. of vehicle)
  2. to lead, conduct (especially offerings to the gods, said of Agni)
  3. to bear along (water, said of rivers)
  4. to draw (a car), guide (horses etc.)
  5. to lead towards, to bring, procure, bestow
  6. to cause, effect
  7. to offer (a sacrifice)
  8. to spread, diffuse (scent)
  9. to shed (tears)
  10. to carry away, carry off, rob
  11. to lead home, take to wife, marry
  12. to bear or carry on or with
  13. to take or carry with or about one's self, have, possess
  14. to wear (clothes)
  15. (with शिरस् (śiras)) to bear one's head (उच्चैश्तराम् (uccaiś-tarām, high))
  16. (with वसुंधराम् (vasuṃdharām) or क्ष्मामण्डालम् (kṣmā-maṇḍālam)) to support i.e. rule the earth
  17. (with गर्भम् (garbham)) to be with child
  18. to bear, suffer, endure
  19. to forbear, forgive, pardon
  20. to undergo (with agnim, viṣam, tulām, 'the ordeal of fire, poison, and the balance')
  21. to experience, feel
  22. to exhibit, show, betray
  23. to pay (a fine)
  24. to pass, spend (time)
  25. (intransitive) to drive, ride, go by or in (with instr. of the vehicle), be borne or carried along, run, swim
  26. to draw (scil. a carriage, said of a horse)
  27. to blow (as wind)
  28. to pass away, elapse
  29. to be drawn or borne by (+ instrumental) or along or off
  30. (causative) to cause to bear or carry or convey or draw, drive (a chariot), guide or ride (a horse), propel (a boat), go or travel by any vehicle
  31. (causative) to cause to guide
  32. (causative) to cause any one (+ accusative) to carry anything (+accusative) on (+locative)
  33. (causative) to cause to take in marriage
  34. (causative) to cause to be conveyed by (+instrumental)
  35. (causative) to traverse (a road)
  36. (causative) to accomplish (a journey)
  37. (causative) to employ, keep going or in work
  38. (causative) to give, administer
  39. (causative) to take in, deceive
  40. (intensive) to carry hither and thither
  41. to bear (a burden)

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of वहति (vahati)
Number Number Number
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Present tense
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person वहति
vahati
वहतः
vahataḥ
वहन्ति
vahanti
वहते
vahate
वहेते
vahete
वहन्ते
vahante
वह्यते
vahyate
वह्येते
vahyete
वह्यन्ते
vahyante
2nd person वहसि
vahasi
वहथः
vahathaḥ
वहथ
vahatha
वहसे
vahase
वहेथे
vahethe
वहध्वे
vahadhve
वह्यसे
vahyase
वह्येथे
vahyethe
वह्येध्वे
vahyedhve
1st person वहामि
vahāmi
वहावः
vahāvaḥ
वहामः
vahāmaḥ
वहे
vahe
वहावहे
vahāvahe
वहामहे
vahāmahe
वह्ये
vahye
वह्यावहे
vahyāvahe
वह्यामहे
vahyāmahe
Past tense (Imperfective)
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person अवहत्
avahat
अवहताम्
avahatām
अवहन्
avahan
अवहत
avahata
अवहेताम्
avahetām
अवहन्त
avahanta
अवह्यत
avahyata
अवह्येताम्
avahyetām
अवह्यन्त
avahyanta
2nd person अवहः
avahaḥ
अवहतम्
avahatam
अवहत
avahata
अवहथाः
avahathāḥ
अवहेथाम्
avahethām
अवहध्वम्
avahadhvam
अवह्यथाः
avahyathāḥ
अवह्येथाम्
avahyethām
अवह्यध्वम्
avahyadhvam
1st person अवहम्
avaham
अवहाव
avahāva
अवहाम
avahāma
अवहे
avahe
अवहावहि
avahāvahi
अवहामहि
avahāmahi
अवह्ये
avahye
अवह्यावहि
avahyāvahi
अवह्यामहि
avahyāmahi
Imperative mood
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person वहतु
vahatu
वहताम्
vahatām
वहन्तु
vahantu
वहताम्
vahatām
वहेताम्
vahetām
वहन्ताम्
vahantām
वह्यताम्
vahyatām
वह्येताम्
vahyetām
वह्यन्ताम्
vahyantām
2nd person वह
vaha
वहतम्
vahatam
वहत
vahata
वहस्व
vahasva
वहेथाम्
vahethām
वहध्वम्
vahadhvam
वह्यस्व
vahyasva
वह्येथाम्
vahyethām
वह्यध्वम्
vahyadhvam
1st person वहानि
vahāni
वहाव
vahāva
वहाम
vahāma
वहै
vahai
वहावहै
vahāvahai
वहामहै
vahāmahai
वह्यै
vahyai
वह्यावहै
vahyāvahai
वह्यामहै
vahyāmahai


Potential mood / Optative mood
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person वहेत्
vahet
वहेताम्
vahetām
वहेयुः
vaheyuḥ
वहेत
vaheta
वहेयाताम्
vaheyātām
वहेरन्
vaheran
वह्येत
vahyeta
वह्येयाताम्
vahyeyātām
वह्येरन्
vahyeran
2nd person वहेः
vaheḥ
वहेतम्
vahetam
वहेत
vaheta
वहेथाः
vahethāḥ
वहेयाथाम्
vaheyāthām
वहेध्वम्
vahedhvam
वह्येथाः
vahyethāḥ
वह्येयाथाम्
vahyeyāthām
वह्येध्वम्
vahyedhvam
1st person वहेयम्
vaheyam
वहेव
vaheva
वहेम
vahema
वहेय
vaheya
वहेवहि
vahevahi
वहेमहि
vahemahi
वह्येय
vahyeya
वह्येवहि
vahyevahi
वह्येमहि
vahyemahi

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Monier Monier-Williams (accessed 2008-02-09), “Sanskrit-English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1]