被る

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

kagapuru → kagaɸuru.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ka̠ɡ̃a̠ɸɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

被る ‎(yodan conjugation, hiragana かがふる, romaji kagafuru)

  1. to put on one's head
  2. to receive
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かぶ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Contraction of 被る ‎(kagafuru). The medial -g- voices /p/ to /b/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

被る ‎(godan conjugation, hiragana かぶる, romaji kaburu)

  1. to cover
  2. to wear
  3. to receive
Derived terms[edit]
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

From 被る ‎(kaburu). Bilabial plosive /b/ becomes bilabial nasal /m/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

被る ‎(godan conjugation, hiragana かむる, romaji kamuru)

  1. to cover
  2. to wear
  3. to receive
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

kagapuru → kauburu → koːburu.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ko̞ːβɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

被る ‎(godan conjugation, hiragana こうぶる, romaji kōburu, historical hiragana かうぶる)

  1. to cover oneself with clothes; to wear
  2. to receive
  3. to experience something unfortunate
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
こうむ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From 被る ‎(kōburu). Bilabial plosive /b/ becomes bilabial nasal /m/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

被る ‎(godan conjugation, hiragana こうむる, romaji kōmuru, historical hiragana かうむる)

  1. to cover oneself with clothes; to wear
  2. to receive
  3. to experience something unfortunate
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3