πάσχω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The four principal parts of the verb display e-grade, o-grade, and zero-grade (πενθ-; πονθ-; πνθ- > παθ-) of the Proto-Indo-European root *kʷendʰ- ‎(to suffer, endure). Cognate with Lithuanian kenčiù.

The present πάσχω, like the aorist ἔπαθον ‎(épathon), comes from the zero-grade παθ-, but with the inchoative suffix -σκ- added: *πάθ-σκ-ω ‎(*páth-sk-ō). The future stem πείσομαι ‎(peísomai) developed from the e-grade πενθ- (πενθ-σ-ομαι), with cluster simplification (νθσ > σ) and compensatory lengthening (ε > ει). The future stem πείσω ‎(peísō) of the verb πείθω ‎(peíthō, persuade) is identical.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

πάσχω ‎(páskhō)

  1. I suffer, endure.
  2. I undergo.
  3. I receive or feel an impression, feel
  4. I am liable.
  5. I yearn.

Inflection[edit]

πάσχω, πείσομαι, ἔπαθον, πέπονθα, --, --

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • πάσχω in A Greek–English Lexicon by Liddell & Scott, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag