ἔχω

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See also: έχω

Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *seǵʰ-. Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀐(e-ke), Sanskrit सहते(sahate) and Old English siġe.

Verb[edit]

ἔχω ‎(ékhō)

  1. I have, possess, contain, own
    1. I keep, have charge of
    2. (with accusative of place) I inhabit
    3. (of place) I keep (to the left/right) of
    4. I possess mentally, understand
    5. I involve, admit of
  2. I hold
    1. I hold fast, grip
    2. (of arms and clothes) I bear, wear
    3. (of a woman) I am pregnant
    4. I hold a course, guide, drive, steer
    5. I hold back, stay, check
  3. (with infinitive) I have means to do, I am able
    1. I have to, must
    2. (followed by a dependent clause) I know
  4. (impersonal) there is
  5. (intransitive) I hold myself, keep balanced
    1. I hold fast
    2. (with genitive) I keep from
    3. I am
    4. (with adverbs of manner) I am, I happen
    5. (with εὖ and genitive of manner) I am well off for something; I abound in it
    6. (post-Homeric, with aorist participle) I keep (doing something)
  6. (middle voice) I hold myself fast, cling closely to
    1. I come next to, follow closely, neighbour
    2. I depend
      1. I am connected with by etymology
    3. I pertain to
    4. I bear or hold for myself
    5. I maintain myself, stand my ground
      1. (with accusative) I repel from myself
    6. I keep myself back, abstain from, refrain from
Usage notes[edit]

The future ἕξω(héxō) is imperfective (meaning that it has the same aspect as the imperfect tense), with continuative aspect ("I will have") whereas σχήσω(skhḗsō) is perfective (meaning that it has the same aspect as the aorist), with an inchoative aspect ("I will get"). It is common for aoristic forms of stative or verbs to have an inchoative or inceptive meaning.

Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From *ϝέχω, from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ-(to move, drive). Cognates include Latin vehō, Sanskrit वहति(vahati) and Old English wegan (English weigh).

Verb[edit]

ἔχω ‎(ékhō)

  1. to bear, carry, bring
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Related terms[edit]
References[edit]