έχω

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See also: ἔχω

Greek

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek ἔχω (ékhō, to have). Cognate with Mariupol Greek э́ху (éxu).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈexo/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: έ‧χω

Verb

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έχω (écho) (imperfect είχα, past είχα, passive —)

  1. to have/hold, in the sense of holding (in one's possession) (a [legal/personal/possibly 'undesired']) property
    Έχω αυτοκίνητοÉcho aftokínitoI have a car
    Έχω πονοκέφαλοÉcho ponokéfaloI have a headache
    Μήπως έχεις ένα στυλό;Mípos écheis éna styló?Do you have a pen?
    Έχω άδεια διαμονήςÉcho ádeia diamonísI hold/have a residence permit
    Έχω άδεια οδήγησηςÉcho ádeia odígisisI hold/have a driver's license
  2. to be (have/hold a property, characteristic)
    Έχει κρύο σήμερα.Échei krýo símera.It is cold today.
  3. to feel, have feelings
    Τι έχεις; Γιατί κλαις;Ti écheis; Giatí klais?What's [wrong] with you? Why are you crying? (literally, “What do you have?”)
  4. (grammar, auxiliary verb) to have +verbs (or participles) to form perfect tenses.
    έχω διαβάσειécho diaváseiI have read

Usage notes

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Conjugation

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  • Audio (present indicative):(file)
    Audio (imperfect):(file)
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cat=irregular

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Derived terms

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Phrases, proverbs: