να

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Byzantine Greek να(na), from Ancient Greek ἵνα(hína).

Particle[edit]

να ‎(na)

  1. added before the dependent or present verb forms to form the different subjunctive moods, serving a variety of different clausal functions and to express imperatives, wishes or hypotheticals:
    Μπορώ να έχω...‎ ― Boró na écho... ― Can I have...
    Θέλω να φύγω.‎ ― Thélo na fýgo. ― I want to leave.
    Να μείνω η να φύγω;‎ ― Na meíno i na fýgo? ― Should I stay or should I go?
    Δεν θέλω να τον βλέπω.‎ ― Den thélo na ton vlépo. ― I don't want to be seeing him.
    Δεν έχω όρεξη να κάθομαι εκεί επί ώρες.‎ ― Den écho órexi na káthomai ekeí epí óres. ― I'm not in the mood to be sitting there for hours.
    Να προσέχεις τον εαυτό σου.‎ ― Na prosécheis ton eaftó sou. ― Take care of himself.
    Να' χεις το νου σου.‎ ― Na' cheis to nou sou. ― Be aware/be on the lookout.
    Να είχαμε πέντε λεπτά ακόμα.‎ ― Na eíchame pénte leptá akóma. ― If only we had five more minutes.
  2. used after the neuter definite article and before the second person singular of the present tense, it converts the clause to a noun phrase with the function of gerund:
    Το να κλέβεις τις ιδέες ενός είναι "λογοκλοπή", το να κλέβεις τις ιδέες πολλών είναι "επιστημονική έρευνα".‎ ― To na kléveis tis idées enós eínai "logoklopí", to na kléveis tis idées pollón eínai "epistimonikí érevna". ― Stealing ideas from one person is "plagiarism", stealing from many is "research".

Related terms[edit]

  • θα(tha, would, will)

Etymology[edit]

From Byzantine Greek να(na), from Ancient Greek ἤν(ḗn).

Particle[edit]

να ‎(na)

  1. used to show or point out someone or something:
    Να τα προβλήματά μου.‎ ― Na ta provlímatá mou. ― These are my problems.
    Να' τος!‎ ― Na' tos! ― There he is! (τος here is a contraction of αυτός)
  2. when used with the hand gesture moutza, indicaties of displeasure or anger:
    Να! Παρ' τα!‎ ― Na! Par' ta! ― There! Take that!

Related terms[edit]

  • ιδού(idoú, lo, here is)