ἐπέχω

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἐπι- (epi-, upon) +‎ ἔχω (ékhō, I have, hold)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἐπέχω (epékhō)

  1. I have or hold upon
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 14.241
      τῷ κεν ἐπισχοίης λιπαροὺς πόδας
      tôi ken episkhoíēs liparoùs pódas
      whereon thou mayest rest thy shining feet
    • New Testament, Epistle to the Philippians 2:16
      λόγον ζωῆς ἐπέχοντες
      lógon zōês epékhontes
      holding forth the word of life
    1. I hold out to, present, offer
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 22.494
        τῶν δ᾽ ἐλεησάντων κοτύλην τις τυτθὸν ἐπέσχε
        tôn d eleēsántōn kotúlēn tis tutthòn epéskhe
        and of them that are touched with pity, one holds forth his cup for a moment
      • 413 BCE, Euripides, Ion 1492
        γάλακτι δ᾽ οὐκ ἐπέσχον
        gálakti d ouk epéskhon
        I did not offer you milk
      1. I extend, spread out
      2. I hold, contain
      3. I enjoin, impose
    2. I direct towards, aim at
      • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Olympian Ode 2.89
        ἔπεχε νῦν σκοπῷ τόξον
        épekhe nûn skopôi tóxon
        Now direct your bow towards the mark
      1. (intransitive) I aim at, attack
        • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 17.91
          δαιμονίη, τί μοι ὧδ᾽ ἐπέχεις κεκοτηότι θυμῷ;
          daimoníē, tí moi hôd epékheis kekotēóti thumôi?
          Good woman, why dost thou assail me with angry heart?
        • 46 CE – 120 CE, Plutarch, Pyrrhus 16
          ἄνδρα κατιδὼν Ἰταλὸν ἐπέχοντα τῷ Πύρρῳ
          ándra katidṑn Italòn epékhonta tôi Púrrhōi
          observing that an Italian man was intent upon Pyrrhus
      2. I direct my mind; I intend, purpose
        • 46 CE – 120 CE, Plutarch, Aem. 8
          ἐπεῖχε τῷ πολέμῳ τὴν γνώμην
          epeîkhe tôi polémōi tḕn gnṓmēn
          he directed his thoughts to war
        • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 1.80.4
          τῷ Κροίσῳ ἄχρηστον ᾖ τὸ ἱππικόν, τῷ δή τι καὶ ἐπεῖχε ἐλλάμψεσθαι ὁ Λυδός
          tôi Kroísōi ákhrēston êi tò hippikón, tôi dḗ ti kaì epeîkhe ellámpsesthai ho Ludós
          Croesus' cavalry, which the Lydian intended to distinguish himself, might be of no use
      3. I stand facing (in battle)
    3. I hold back, keep in check; I withhold; I confine
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 21.244
        ἐπέσχε δὲ καλὰ ῥέεθρα ὄζοισιν πυκινοῖσι
        epéskhe dè kalà rhéethra ózoisin pukinoîsi
        it held back the fair streams with its thick branches
      • 408 BCE, Euripides, The Phoenician Women 866
        Ἐτεοκλέους μὲν οὕνεκ᾽ ἂν κλῄσας στόμα χρησμοὺς ἐπέσχον
        Eteokléous mèn hoúnek àn klḗisas stóma khrēsmoùs epéskhon
        For Eteocles I would have closed my lips and withheld all response
      • 46 CE – 120 CE, Plutarch, Cato the Younger 28
        ἐπέσχε τῇ χειρὶ τὸ στόμα καὶ τὴν φωνὴν ἀπέκλεισεν
        epéskhe têi kheirì tò stóma kaì tḕn phōnḕn apékleisen
        but he covered his hand over his mouth and shut off his speech
        1. I stay, adjourn, suspend
        2. I stop, hinder from
          • 425 BCE, Euripides, Andromache 160
            ὧν ἐπισχήσω σ᾽ ἐγώ
            hôn episkhḗsō s egṓ
            but I shall stop you
      1. I wait, pause, refrain
        • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 7.139.1
          ὅμως δὲ τῇ γέ μοι φαίνεται εἶναι ἀληθὲς οὐκ ἐπισχήσω
          hómōs dè têi gé moi phaínetai eînai alēthès ouk episkhḗsō
          but I will not refrain from saying what seems to me to be true
        • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Electra 1369
          εἰ δ᾽ ἐφέξετον
          ei d ephéxeton
          if you tarry
        • 525 BCE – 455 BCE, Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 697
          ἐπίσχες ἔστ᾽ ἂν καὶ τὰ λοιπὰ προσμάθῃς.
          epískhes ést àn kaì tà loipà prosmáthēis.
          Wait until you have learned the rest as well.
        1. (with genitive) I stop from
          • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Cyropaedia 4.2.12
            καὶ ὅπου ἂν ἀναπαύωνται ἢ ἐπίσχωσι τῆς πορείας
            kaì hópou àn anapaúōntai ḕ epískhōsi tês poreías
            And wherever they were to rest or halt from their march
        2. (Scepticism) I suspend judgement, doubt
    4. I reach or extend over
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 21.407
        ἑπτὰ δ᾽ ἐπέσχε πέλεθρα πεσών
        heptà d epéskhe pélethra pesṓn
        He stretched over seven roods in his fall
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 7.19.1
        ἀπὸ δὲ τῆς ἐλαίης τοὺς κλάδους γῆν πᾶσαν ἐπισχεῖν
        apò dè tês elaíēs toùs kládous gên pâsan episkheîn
        of which the shoots spread over the whole earth
    5. I have power over or occupy
      1. I prevail, predominate
        • 200 BCE – 118 BCE, Polybius, The Histories 5.5.6
          τῶν ἐτησίων ἐπεχόντων
          tôn etēsíōn epekhóntōn
          while the Etesian winds prevail
        1. (of time) I continue
          • 366 BCE – 348 BCE, Plato, Theaetetus 165e
            ἤλεγχεν ἂν ἐπέχων καὶ οὐκ ἀνιεὶς
            ḗlenkhen àn epékhōn kaì ouk anieìs
            and would have argued continuously and unceasingly

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]