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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from (), from Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ru, *m·rus): phonetic  ‎(OC *luʔ) + semantic  ‎(field) – to stay to tend the field.

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹田 (HHW), four-corner 77602)

  1. stop, halt
  2. stay
  3. detain, keep

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese:

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 761, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2537, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7559

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (136) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨu/ /lɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liu/ /liuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/liəu/ /liəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luw/ /luwH/
Li
Rong
/liu/ /liuH/
Wang
Li
/lĭəu/ /lĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ə̯u/ /li̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liú liù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liú
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ru/
English stay, remain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8882 8905
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*m·ru/ /*m·rus/
Notes

Verb[edit]

  1. stay; keep; stay; retain; maintain

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryu, yu) (hangeul , , revised ryu, yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu, yu, Yale lyu, yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.