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U+7559, 留
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7559

[U+7558]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+755A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹田 (HHW), four-corner 77602, composition ⿱⿰𠂎)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 761, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2537, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7559

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms


𤱊

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mruːʔ
*mruːʔ
*mruːʔ
*mruːʔ, *m·ruʔ
*m̥ʰruːs
*m̥ʰruːs, *m·ruː, *m·rus
*m·rɯːw
貿 *mlus
*mlus
*m·ru
*m·ru, *m·rus
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*ru
*m·ru, *m·rus
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru, *m·rus
*m·ru, *m·ruʔ
*m·ru, *m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ, *m·rus
*m·rus
*m·rus
*m·rus
*m·rus

Phono-semantic compound (形聲).

The glyph composition is phonetic  (OC *mruːʔ) + semantic  (field) in bronze inscriptions; later phonetic  (OC *luʔ) + semantic  in small seal script.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular;
  • liû - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luw/
    Li
    Rong
    /liu/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liú
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ru/
    English stay, remain

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 8882
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m·ru/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to stay
    2. to ask someone to stay
    3. to keep; to save; to retain; to maintain
    4. Short for 留學留学 (liúxué, “to study abroad”).
    5. (Cantonese) to leave
      baa2 tau4 faat3 lau4 dou3 lok6 jiu1 [Jyutping]
      have one's hair grow to waist-length
    6. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
      頭髮 / 头发 [Cantonese]  ―  lau4 coeng4 tau4 faat3 [Jyutping]  ―  to let one's hair grow long
    7. Alternative form of (liú).

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /liuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liù
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 8905
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m·rus/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative name for (Mǎo).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. detain
    2. fasten
    3. halt
    4. stop

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryu>yu) (hangeul >)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lưu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.