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U+8170, 腰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8170

[U+816F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8171]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月一田女 (BMWV), four-corner 71244, composition(GJK) or ⿰(HTV))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 989, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29705
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1441, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2094, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8170

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qew): semantic (flesh) + phonetic (OC *qew, *qews).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • io - vernacular;
  • iau - literary.
Note:
  • iê1 - Chaozhou;
  • io1 - Shantou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (91)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔiᴇu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔiɛu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔjæu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiaw/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiɛu/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭɛu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ɛu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yāo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjiew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔew/
    English waist

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14747
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qew/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) waist (Classifier: c)
    2. waist of clothes
    3. kidney; edible animal kidney
    4. purse; pockets
    5. middle part

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. hips, loins, lower back

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    こしコシ
    [noun] the waist, the (lower) back, the small of the back
    [noun] (anatomy) the hip
    [noun] the skirting of a shoji
    [noun] the third line of a waka or tanka poem (from the way that the next two lines are longer, similar to the way the body gets wider at the hips)
    [noun] (of food) chewiness; springiness
    Alternative spellings
    , こし
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (よう) ( (historical kana えう)

    1. hips, loins, lower back

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiᴇu). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: yo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 허리 (heori yo))

    1. Hanja form? of (waist; hips).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: yêu, ro, eo, oeo

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.