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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(flesh) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月一田女 (BMWV), four-corner 71244, composition)

  1. waist
  2. kidney

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 989, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29705
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1441, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2094, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8170

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (腰), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於霄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇu/ /ʔi̯ɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiaw/ /ĭɛu/ /ʔjæu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yāo ‹ ʔjiew › /*ʔew/ waist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14747 2 /*qew/

Noun[edit]

  1. waist

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hips, loins, lower back

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こし, romaji koshi)

  1. waist, the (lower) back, the small of the back
  2. (anatomy) hip
  3. the skirting of a shoji
  4. the third line of a tanka poem

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yo) (hangeul , revised yo, McCune-Reischauer yo, Yale yo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yêu, ro, eo, oeo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.