tanka

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See also: tanke, tenke, Tanka, tankā, tänka, and tænke

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese 短歌 (tanka たんか, short song), from Middle Chinese (twán "short") + (ka "song") (compare Mandarin duǎngē 短歌).

Noun[edit]

tanka

  1. a form of Japanese verse in five lines of 5,7,5,7,7 morae
    • 1996, Makoto Ueda, Modern Japanese Tanka: An Anthology, ISBN 0231104332:
      Like haiku, tanka is a short, classical verse form that has attracted considerable attention in this century.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese 啖呵 (tanka).

Noun[edit]

tanka

  1. a strong, forceful expression
  2. a Tibetan painting of the Buddha on fabric.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

tanka (plural tankas)

  1. An ethnic group of boat people in the Canton area.
    • 1831, The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australasia:
      And when foreigners go and come from Whampoa to Canton, tanka-boats and boats with families must not be employed.
    • 1835, The Chinese Repository, page 392:
      At every landing place behind the hongs, (i. e. in the front of the factories,) where barbarians reside, they must not allow the tanka boats to anchor.
    • 1845, Miscellaneous Remarks Upon the Government, History, Religions, Literature, Agriculture, Arts, Trades, Manners, and Customs of the Chinese:
      In Macao roads, where vessels usually stop before proceeding up to the Canton anchorage, the tanka boats are generally navigated by young girls, in competition with whom the old women meet with poor encouragement.
    • 1927, Herbert Ernest Gregory, Report of the director for 1926, page 6:
      Speaking of an interesting group of people near Canton, he says : Both the Tanka (boat people) and Hakka (another ethnic group, distinct from the Cantonese, living on land) have distinctive dialects and differ in phvsique from The Cantonese.
  2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) A kind of boat used in Canton, about 25 feet long and often rowed by women.
    • 1837, Edmund Roberts, Embassy to the eastern courts of CochinChina, Siam and Muscat:
      Immediately on our nearing the harbour, a race took place among the amphibious damsels that inhabit the numerous sampans, tanka or egg-boats, which always lie within a short distance of the shore.
    • 1866, William Ainsworth, All Around the World:
      The tanka is a. small boat, almost as wide as long, and differing therein much from the sharp and narrow canoes of the Malays. The crew generally consists of an elderly woman, who sits or stands at the stern, rotating with a vigorous and experienced arm the long oar which is the great propeller of all boats in the Celestial Empire.
    • 1967, Stan Hugill, Sailortown, page 56:
      These craft, the tanka, were the homes of thousands of true seamen — people who rarely came ashore ;


Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

tanka (plural tankas)

  1. (historical) A coin and unit of currency of varying value, formerly used in parts of India and Central Asia.
    • 1994, Stephen Frederic Dale, Indian Merchants and Eurasian Trade, 1600-1750, p. 29:
      In Uzbek Turan Shah Rukh's tanka remained the standard silver coin and weighed an average of slightly more than 5 g throughout the sixteenth century.
    • 1997, Kiran Nagarkar, Cuckold, HarperCollins 2013, p. 42:
      The last of the gifts was fifteen horses with velvet and jewelled trappings and one hundred thousand tankas in cash.
    • 2011, Najaf Haider, in Irfan Habib (Ed.), Economic History of Medieval India, 1200-1500, Vol. VIII part 1, p. 152:
      A major shift in the usage of silver and billion coinage came about in the second quarter of the fourteenth century when Muḥammad Tughluq, after striking the ṭanka of 169.8 grains in the beginning, replaced it with a coin of lower weight (144 grains) called ‘adli, which was then treated as the standard ṭanka.

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tanka

  1. tanka (Japanese verse)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of tanka (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative tanka tankat
genitive tankan tankojen
partitive tankaa tankoja
illative tankaan tankoihin
singular plural
nominative tanka tankat
accusative nom. tanka tankat
gen. tankan
genitive tankan tankojen
tankainrare
partitive tankaa tankoja
inessive tankassa tankoissa
elative tankasta tankoista
illative tankaan tankoihin
adessive tankalla tankoilla
ablative tankalta tankoilta
allative tankalle tankoille
essive tankana tankoina
translative tankaksi tankoiksi
instructive tankoin
abessive tankatta tankoitta
comitative tankoineen

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

tanka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of たんか

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tanka

  1. simple past of tanke
  2. past participle of tanke

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English tank.

Verb[edit]

tanka (present tense tankar, past tense tanka, past participle tanka, passive infinitive tankast, present participle tankande, imperative tanka/tank)

  1. tank (put fuel into a tank)

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

tanka c

  1. (archaic) thought; an antiquated female-gender form of tanke
    ... på Månan, och har gifvit anledning till den oriktiga tankan att där finnas eldsprutande berg.
    ... on the Moon, and has given occasion to the incorrect thought that it has fire-spouting mountains.

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

tanka

  1. to refuel; to fill a tank with fuel
  2. (slang) to drink large quantities of alcohol; to booze
  3. (computing)(slang) to download large quantities of data

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]