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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
短-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 111 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人大一口廿 (OKMRT), four-corner 81418, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 824, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23978
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1237, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2584, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+77ED

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *toːnʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *doːs).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʷɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/twanX/
Li
Rong
/tuɑnX/
Wang
Li
/tuɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
duǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ twanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤorʔ/
English short

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2480
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. short (of distance)
    Antonyms: (cháng)
  2. short (of time); brief
  3. deficient; lacking
  4. weakness; shortcoming; mistake

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. short

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 3982
  • Halpern: 3277
  • Halpern Learners: 801
  • Heisig: 1442
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3d9.27
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.
Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(twanX, short).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たん, romaji tan)

  1. fault, weak point
  2. (music) minor

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dan) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer tan, Yale tan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đoản, đuỗn, ngắn, vắn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.