Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+5375, 卵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5375

[U+5374]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5376]
U+F91C, 卵
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F91C

[U+F91B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F91D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 26 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹尸中戈 (HHSLI), four-corner 77720, composition𠂑)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 159, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2857
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 313, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5375

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
卵-bronze.svg 卵-silk.svg 卵-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ
*kroːn
*kroːn
*ɡ·ron

Pictogram (象形) – spawn, egg.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-row (egg, nit). Cognate with Tibetan སྲོ་མ (sro ma, egg of a louse, nit, small bubble).

(OC *kuːn) may represent a doublet resulting from prefix preemption. Compare its variant 𡖉.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâung - colloquial;
  • luāng - literary.
Note:
  • nn̄g/nňg/nūi - vernacular;
  • loán - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (62) (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑnX/ /luɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwanX/ /lwaX/
Li
Rong
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Wang
Li
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luǎn luǒ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luǎn luǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwaX › ‹ lwanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤorʔ/ (dialect: *-r > *-j) /*k.rˤorʔ/
English egg egg

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8639 8643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·roːlʔ/ /*ɡ·roːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. egg; ovum; roe; spawn
  2. (entomology) fertilised egg
  3. (regional) testicles

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𡳞.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𡳞.)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. an egg

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たまご
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Vogeleier.jpg Fried egg, sunny side up.jpg

From (tama, ball) +‎ (ko, child, small thing). The ko reading for changes to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たまご, rōmaji tamago)

  1. an egg
    • 2000 July 13, “ドラゴン・エッガー [Dragon Egger]”, in Pharaoh’s Servant -ファラオのしもべ- (in Japanese), Konami:
       (たまご)のカラをかぶっているドラゴン。 () (ども) () (ちが)えると (いた) ()にあうぞ!
      Tamago no kara o kabutteiru doragon. Kodomo to machigaeru to itaime ni au zo!
      A dragon who shelters in an eggshell. Never mistake him for a literal baby!
Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
らん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (lwanX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana らん, rōmaji ran)

  1. an ovum

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ran>nan)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): > (revised: ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer: ran, nan, Yale: lan, nan)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: al, McCune-Reischauer: al, Yale: al)
  1. ovum

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(noãn)

  1. ovum