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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事), likely testicles – some seal characters clearly interpret this as loins. Compare development of from breasts.

Han character[edit]

(radical 26 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹尸中戈 (HHSLI), four-corner 77720, composition𠂑)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 159, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2857
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 313, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5375

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-row ‎(egg, nit). Cognate with Tibetan སྲོ་མ ‎(sro ma, egg of a louse, nit, small bubble).

may represent a doublet resulting from prefix preemption. Compare its variant 𡖉.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (62) (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑnX/ /luɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwanX/ /lwaX/
Li
Rong
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Wang
Li
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luǎn luǒ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luǎn luǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwaX › ‹ lwanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤorʔ (dialect: *-r > *-j)/ /*k.rˤorʔ/
English egg egg

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8639 8643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·roːlʔ/ /*ɡ·roːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. egg, ovum, roe, spawn
  2. (entomology) fertilised egg
  3. (regional) testicles

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. an egg

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たまご
Grade: 6
kun'yomi
Vogeleier.jpg Fried egg, sunny side up.jpg

Compound of ‎(tama, ball) +‎ ‎(ko, child, small thing). The final ko voices to go due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たまご, romaji tamago)

  1. an egg
    This term in Japanese is nearly as broad in use as English egg, indicating an egg as laid by various oviparous organisms, and egg as used in cooking. For the more specific biological sense of ovum, see 卵子 ‎(ranshi).

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
らん
Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(lwanX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana らん, romaji ran)

  1. ovum

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ran) (hangeul , revised ran, McCune-Reischauer ran)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(noãn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.