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U+5375, 卵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5375

[U+5374]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5376]
U+F91C, 卵
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F91C

[U+F91B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F91D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 26, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹尸中戈 (HHSLI), four-corner 77720, composition𠂑)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 159, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2857
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 313, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5375

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
卵-bronze.svg 卵-silk.svg 卵-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ
*kroːn
*kroːn
*ɡ·ron

Pictogram (象形) – spawn, egg.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-row (egg, nit). Cognate with Tibetan སྲོ་མ (sro ma, egg of a louse, nit, small bubble).

(OC *kuːn) may represent a doublet resulting from prefix preemption. Compare its variant 𡖉.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sō̤ng - vernacular;
  • lǔing - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • lâung - vernacular;
    • luāng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • nn̄g/nňg/nūi - vernacular;
    • loán - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3lu - “egg”;
    • 3loe - “penis”.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (37) (37)
    Final () (62) (95)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lʷɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lwanX/ /lwaX/
    Li
    Rong
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Wang
    Li
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luɑnX/ /luɑX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    luǎn luǒ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    luǎn luǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lwaX › ‹ lwanX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˤorʔ/ (dialect: *-r > *-j) /*k.rˤorʔ/
    English egg egg

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 8639 8643
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·roːlʔ/ /*ɡ·roːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. egg; ovum; roe; spawn
    2. (entomology) fertilised egg
    3. (regional) testicles
    4. (regional) penis; male genitals

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 睪丸 (“testicle”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 外腎
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 睪丸精巢
    Mandarin Beijing 卵子兒
    Harbin 卵子兒
    Jinan 球蛋
    Luoyang 蛋子兒
    Jiedian
    Xi'an 蛋子兒
    Yinchuan 卵子
    Lanzhou 脬子兒
    Ürümqi 脬卵子卵子
    Wuhan 卵子卵蛋卵坨
    Chengdu 卵蛋蛋蛋卵子敲敲兒
    Guiyang 卵蛋
    Liuzhou 卵考子考子
    Yangzhou 卵蛋卵子子
    Nanjing 卵子
    Cantonese Hong Kong 春子波子
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Kuala Lumpur 春仔
    Gan Lichuan 順子
    Pingxiang 卵坨子
    Hakka Meixian 核卵
    Yudu 卵子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 核卵
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 核卵
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 核卵
    Dongshi (Dabu) 核卵
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 核卵
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 核卵
    Hong Kong 核卵
    Sabah 核卵
    Senai
    Singkawang 核卵
    Huizhou Jixi 卵子
    Jin Xinzhou 蛋籽子
    Min Dong Fuzhou 𡳞核子
    Min Nan Xiamen 𡳞核腎子
    Quanzhou 𡳞核腎子
    Zhangzhou 𡳞核腎子
    Taipei 𡳞核𡳞脬核仔
    Kaohsiung 𡳞核𡳞核仔
    Tainan 𡳞核𡳞核仔
    Taichung 𡳞核仔
    Wuqi 𡳞核
    Hsinchu 𡳞核𡳞核仔
    Taitung 𡳞核仔
    Lukang 𡳞核𡳞核仔
    Sanxia 𡳞核
    Yilan 𡳞核
    Kinmen 𡳞核
    Magong 𡳞核
    Penang 𡳞核𡳞脬子
    Shantou 𡳞核
    Haifeng 𡳞脬核
    Haikou 𡳞脬仁
    Leizhou 𡳞脬子𡳞脬核核子
    Pinghua Nanning 卵子
    Wu Shanghai 卵子
    Suzhou 卵子
    Hangzhou 卵子
    Wenzhou 卵子卵袋子陰袋子
    Danyang 卵脬黃卵子黃
    Jinhua 老核子
    Ningbo 卵黃卵袋黃
    Xiang Loudi 考子卵子
    Dialectal synonyms of 陰莖 (“penis; male genitalia”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 玉莖陽具陽物陰體人道身根
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 陰莖陽具
    Mandarin Beijing 雞巴卵子雀子 小雞兒
    Taiwan 雞雞肉棒老二命根命根子小弟弟小鳥
    Harbin 雞巴雞巴嘚兒雞巴頭子嘚兒牛子老二二哥腿兒牛牛兒 小牛子 家雀兒
    Jinan 小雞兒 小雞雞
    Muping 鴨子雞子雞巴小鴨兒
    Luoyang 雞巴雞巴兒 小雞兒雞兒
    Jiedian 鴨子鴨兒
    Xi'an 錘子牛牛兒
    Xining 雞巴錘子雞雞
    Xuzhou 雞巴雞尜尜屌頭子老二二哥一家人兒打種的 dated小雞兒 雞兒 尜尜 小老雀兒 老雀兒
    Yinchuan 雞巴雞雞
    Lanzhou 牛牛子
    Ürümqi 㞗把子錘子雞雞 㞗㞗
    Wuhan 鴨蒂雞巴雀雀 鴨鴨 雞雞
    Chengdu 錘子雞巴雞棍兒雀雀兒雀雀麻雀兒毛鰱魚老二雞雞 小雞兒 小麻雀兒 小雀雀兒
    Guiyang 雞巴大雞巴乾雞巴馬雞巴卵子下二哥二哥甩甩錘錘 dated錘子 dated雞雞 小雞兒 雞兒 麻雀 小麻雀 雀雀
    Liuzhou 二老爺大頭蟲鳥崽
    Yangzhou 雞巴屌子卵子麻雀子
    Nanjing 雞巴麻雀小麻雀兒
    Hefei 雞巴尕尕雞 尕雞
    Nantong 屌兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou 𨳍賓舟 脧脧 㞗脧 脧仔 姑姑
    Hong Kong 𨳍𡳞賓舟 脧脧 脧脧仔 姑姑 雀仔 弟弟細佬何B仔子孫根祠堂第三隻腳第五肢
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan 𨳍
    Dongguan 𡳞鵝必
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 𡳞
    Taishan 𡳞 雀仔
    Doumen 㞗脧𨳍
    Kaiping 𡳞
    Shaoguan 𨳍
    Yunfu 𨳍
    Yangjiang 𨳍
    Xinyi 𨳍
    Nanning 𨳍
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang 卵雞子 卵雞
    Lichuan 老二
    Pingxiang 卵仔 雞仔
    Hakka Meixian 膦棍膦仔脧仔
    Xingning 脧哩膦棍
    Huidong 膦棍脧仔
    Qujiang 膦棍
    Xiaosanjiang 膦棍
    Changting 膦子
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Yudu 卵子 尒卵子
    Ruijin 卵陀
    Shicheng 卵梗
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 膦棍
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 膦棍
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 膦棍
    Dongshi (Dabu) 膦棍
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 膦棍
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 朘子
    Hong Kong
    Sabah 脧仔
    Senai 膦棍
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi 老八鳥八鳥
    Jin Taiyuan 雞巴雀兒雞雞 狗雞兒
    Xinzhou 雞巴雞雞二掌櫃小腹雞溜子 雞溜
    Min Bei Jian'ou 𫵓𫵓仔𫵓𫵓仔
    Dikou 𫵓
    Songxi 𫵓
    Zhenghe 𫵓
    Zhenqian 𫵓牯
    Jianyang 𫵓
    Wuyishan
    Shibei
    Min Dong Fuzhou 欛欛䐯鳥欛欛囝 鳥鳥囝
    Changle 欛欛囝
    Fuqing
    Yongtai 䐯鳥
    Gutian 䐯鳥
    Fu'an 䐯鳥
    Ningde
    Shouning 䐯鳥
    Zhouning 䐯鳥
    Fuding 䐯䐯䐯鳥
    Matsu 欛欛
    Min Nan Xiamen 𡳞鳥𡳞𦉎𡳞
    Quanzhou 𡳞鳥𡳞𦉎𡳞
    Zhangzhou 𡳞鳥𡳞𦉎𡳞
    Taipei 𡳞鳥
    Kaohsiung 𡳞鳥
    Tainan 𡳞鳥
    Taichung 𡳞鳥
    Wuqi 𡳞鳥
    Hsinchu 𡳞鳥
    Taitung 𡳞鳥
    Lukang 𡳞鳥
    Sanxia 𡳞鳥
    Yilan 𡳞鳥
    Kinmen 𡳞鳥
    Magong 𡳞鳥
    Penang 𡳞鳥小弟
    Philippines (Manila) 𡳞鳥
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou 𡳞鳥𡳞
    Shantou 𡳞鳥𡳞
    Johor Bahru 𡳞
    Haikou
    Leizhou 𡳞殼車
    Pinghua Nanning 𨳍麻鳥二老弟
    Wu Shanghai 屌屌 屌屌頭 小雞雞 麻鳥
    Suzhou 雞雞 小卵 長生果
    Hangzhou 雀兒八屌小八屌 麻雀兒 麻油壺兒
    Wenzhou 卵脬卵脬兒臀卵脬脬兒 脬脬兒 奶哥鳥兒
    Chongming 卵子卵卵 小尿螺
    Danyang 卵子屌子雞巴雞雞 小雀雀 雀雀 八八 八雞
    Jinhua 老八兒聊子八兒八兒
    Ningbo 卵子卵瓜瓜 瓜瓜
    Xiang Changsha 雞巴掉它太鬍子雞雞 鳥鳥 梗梗
    Shuangfeng 卵子雞蓀子
    Loudi 雞巴勺欛腦殼雞雞 雞崽唧
    Note † - of a boy

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𡳞 (“male genitalia; penis; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𡳞.)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. an egg

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    たまご
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi
    Vogeleier.jpg Fried egg, sunny side up.jpg
    (tamago): a selection of different eggs.

    From (tama, ball) +‎ (ko, child, small thing). The ko reading for changes to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たまご, rōmaji tamago)

    1. an egg, including fish roe
      • 1999 September 23, “ウィング・エッグ・エルフ [Wing Egg Elf]”, in Vol.5 (in Japanese), Konami:
        たまごのカラに () (つつ) (てん)使 () (おお)きな (はね) (こう) (げき) (ふせ)ぐ。
        Tamago no kara ni mi o tsutsumu tenshi. Ōki na hane de kōgeki o fusegu.
        An angel sheltered inside an eggshell. It fends off attacks with its massive wings.
      • 2000 July 13, “ドラゴン・エッガー [Dragon Egger]”, in Pharaoh’s Servant -ファラオのしもべ- (in Japanese), Konami:
         (たまご)のカラをかぶっているドラゴン。 () (ども) () (ちが)えると (いた) ()にあうぞ!
        Tamago no kara o kabutte iru doragon. Kodomo to machigaeru to itaime ni au zo!
        A dragon who shelters in an eggshell. Never mistake him for a literal baby!
      • 2003 July 17, “ジェノサイドキングサーモン [Genocide King Salmon]”, in 暗黒の侵略者 [Invader of Darkness] (in Japanese), Konami:
         (あん) (こく) (かい) (ぬし)として (おそ)れられている (きょ) (だい)なシャケ。その (たまご) (あん) (こく) (かい) (いち) () ()として ()られている。
        Ankokukai no nushi to shite osorerarete iru kyodai na shake. Sono tamago wa Ankokukaiichi no bimi to shiteshirarete iru.
        A giant salmon worst feared in the Dark Sea. Its roe is best known as the ultimate delicacy of the Dark World.
    2. the beginning or start of something (compare the uses of English terms kernel and seed)
    3. a beginner or rookie at something
      • 1988 July 30 [Jul 25 1985], Fujiko F. Fujio, “やまでらグラフィティ [Mountain Temple Graffiti]”, in 宇宙船製造法 [How to Build a Spaceship] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 3), volume 3 (fiction, in Japanese), 6th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 106:
        ぼく、 () (とう) (ひろ) (やす)。イラストレーターの (たまご)
        Boku, Katō Hiroyasu. Irasutorētā no tamago.
        My name’s Katō Hiroyasu. I’m a rookie illustrator.
    Usage notes[edit]

    This term in Japanese is nearly as broad in use as English egg, indicating an egg as laid by various oviparous organisms, and egg as used in cooking. For the more specific biological sense of ovum, see 卵子 (ranshi).

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    らん
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC luɑnX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana らん, rōmaji ran)

    1. an ovum

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ran>nan)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): > (revised: ran, nan, McCune–Reischauer: ran, nan, Yale: lan, nan)
      • Name (hangeul): (revised: al, McCune–Reischauer: al, Yale: al)
    1. ovum

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (noãn)

    1. Hán tự form of noãn, “botanical ovule”