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U+5375, 卵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5375

[U+5374]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5376]
U+F91C, 卵
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F91C

[U+F91B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F91D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 26 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹尸中戈 (HHSLI), four-corner 77720, composition𠂑)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 159, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2857
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 313, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5375

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
卵-bronze.svg 卵-silk.svg 卵-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ
*kroːn
*kroːn
*ɡ·ron

Pictogram (象形) – spawn, egg.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-row (egg, nit). Cognate with Tibetan སྲོ་མ (sro ma, egg of a louse, nit, small bubble).

(OC *kuːn) may represent a doublet resulting from prefix preemption. Compare its variant 𡖉.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâung - colloquial;
  • luāng - literary.
Note:
  • nn̄g/nňg/nūi - vernacular;
  • loán - literary.
Note:
  • 3lu - “egg”;
  • 3loe - “penis”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (62) (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑnX/ /luɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwanX/ /lwaX/
Li
Rong
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Wang
Li
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑnX/ /luɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luǎn luǒ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luǎn luǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwaX › ‹ lwanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤorʔ/ (dialect: *-r > *-j) /*k.rˤorʔ/
English egg egg

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8639 8643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·roːlʔ/ /*ɡ·roːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. egg; ovum; roe; spawn
  2. (entomology) fertilised egg
  3. (regional) testicles
  4. (regional) penis; male genitals

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 睪丸 (“testicle”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 外腎
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 睪丸精巢
Mandarin Beijing 卵子兒
Harbin 卵子兒
Jinan 球蛋
Luoyang 蛋子兒
Jiedian
Xi'an 蛋子兒
Yinchuan 卵子
Lanzhou 脬子兒
Ürümqi 脬卵子卵子
Wuhan 卵子卵蛋卵坨
Chengdu 卵蛋蛋蛋卵子敲敲兒
Guiyang 卵蛋
Liuzhou 卵考子考子
Yangzhou 卵蛋卵子子
Nanjing 卵子
Cantonese Hong Kong 春子波子
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Kuala Lumpur 春仔
Gan Lichuan 順子
Pingxiang 卵坨子
Hakka Meixian 核卵
Yudu 卵子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 核卵
Liudui (S. Sixian) 核卵
Hsinchu (Hailu) 核卵
Dongshi (Dabu) 核卵
Zhuolan (Raoping) 核卵
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 核卵
Hong Kong 核卵
Sabah 核卵
Senai
Singkawang 核卵
Huizhou Jixi 卵子
Jin Xinzhou 蛋籽子
Min Dong Fuzhou 𡳞核子
Min Nan Xiamen 𡳞核腎子
Quanzhou 𡳞核腎子
Zhangzhou 𡳞核腎子
Taipei 𡳞核𡳞脬核仔
Kaohsiung 𡳞核𡳞核仔
Tainan 𡳞核𡳞核仔
Taichung 𡳞核仔
Wuqi 𡳞核
Hsinchu 𡳞核𡳞核仔
Taitung 𡳞核仔
Lukang 𡳞核𡳞核仔
Sanxia 𡳞核
Yilan 𡳞核
Kinmen 𡳞核
Magong 𡳞核
Penang 𡳞核𡳞脬子
Shantou 𡳞核
Haifeng 𡳞脬核
Haikou 𡳞脬仁
Leizhou 𡳞脬子𡳞脬核核子
Pinghua Nanning 卵子
Wu Shanghai 卵子
Suzhou 卵子
Hangzhou 卵子
Wenzhou 卵子卵袋子陰袋子
Danyang 卵脬黃卵子黃
Jinhua 老核子
Ningbo 卵黃卵袋黃
Xiang Loudi 考子卵子
Dialectal synonyms of 陰莖 (“penis; male genitalia”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 玉莖陽具陽物陰體人道身根
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 陰莖陽具
Mandarin Beijing 雞巴卵子雀子 小雞兒
Taiwan 雞雞肉棒老二命根命根子
Harbin 雞巴雞巴嘚兒雞巴頭子嘚兒牛子老二二哥腿兒牛牛兒 小牛子 家雀兒
Jinan 小雞兒 小雞雞
Muping 鴨子雞子雞巴小鴨兒
Luoyang 雞巴雞巴兒 小雞兒雞兒
Jiedian 鴨子鴨兒
Xi'an 錘子牛牛兒
Xining 雞巴錘子雞雞
Xuzhou 雞巴雞尜尜屌頭子老二二哥一家人兒打種的 dated小雞兒 雞兒 尜尜 小老雀兒 老雀兒
Yinchuan 雞巴雞雞
Lanzhou 牛牛子
Ürümqi 㞗把子錘子雞雞 㞗㞗
Wuhan 鴨蒂雞巴雀雀 鴨鴨 雞雞
Chengdu 錘子雞巴雞棍兒雀雀兒雀雀麻雀兒毛鰱魚老二雞雞 小雞兒 小麻雀兒 小雀雀兒
Guiyang 雞巴大雞巴乾雞巴馬雞巴卵子下二哥二哥甩甩錘錘 dated錘子 dated雞雞 小雞兒 雞兒 麻雀 小麻雀 雀雀
Liuzhou 二老爺大頭蟲鳥崽
Yangzhou 雞巴屌子卵子麻雀子
Nanjing 雞巴麻雀小麻雀兒
Hefei 雞巴尕尕雞 尕雞
Nantong 屌兒
Cantonese Guangzhou 𨳍賓舟 脧脧 㞗脧 脧仔 姑姑
Hong Kong 𨳍𡳞賓舟 脧脧 脧脧仔 姑姑 雀仔 弟弟細佬何B仔子孫根祠堂第三隻腳第五肢
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan 𨳍
Dongguan 𡳞鵝必
Hong Kong (Weitou) 𡳞
Taishan 𡳞 雀仔
Doumen 㞗脧𨳍
Kaiping 𡳞
Shaoguan 𨳍
Yunfu 𨳍
Yangjiang 𨳍
Xinyi 𨳍
Nanning 𨳍
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 卵雞子 卵雞
Lichuan 老二
Pingxiang 卵仔 雞仔
Hakka Meixian 膦棍膦仔脧仔
Xingning 脧哩膦棍
Huidong 膦棍脧仔
Qujiang 膦棍
Xiaosanjiang 膦棍
Changting 膦子
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu 卵子 尒卵子
Ruijin 卵陀
Shicheng 卵梗
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 膦棍
Liudui (S. Sixian) 膦棍
Hsinchu (Hailu) 膦棍
Dongshi (Dabu) 膦棍
Zhuolan (Raoping) 膦棍
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 朘子
Hong Kong
Sabah 脧仔
Senai 膦棍
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi 老八鳥八鳥
Jin Taiyuan 雞巴雀兒雞雞 狗雞兒
Xinzhou 雞巴雞雞二掌櫃小腹雞溜子 雞溜
Min Bei Jian'ou 䐯仔䐯䐯仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 䐯鳥鳥鳥囝
Fuqing
Matsu 欛欛
Min Nan Xiamen 𡳞鳥𡳞𦉎𡳞
Quanzhou 𡳞鳥𡳞𦉎𡳞
Zhangzhou 𡳞鳥𡳞𦉎𡳞
Taipei 𡳞鳥
Kaohsiung 𡳞鳥
Tainan 𡳞鳥
Taichung 𡳞鳥
Wuqi 𡳞鳥
Hsinchu 𡳞鳥
Taitung 𡳞鳥
Lukang 𡳞鳥
Sanxia 𡳞鳥
Yilan 𡳞鳥
Kinmen 𡳞鳥
Magong 𡳞鳥
Penang 𡳞鳥小弟
Philippines (Manila) 𡳞鳥
Pingnan
Chaozhou 𡳞鳥𡳞
Shantou 𡳞鳥𡳞
Johor Bahru 𡳞
Haikou
Leizhou 𡳞殼車
Pinghua Nanning 𨳍麻鳥二老弟
Wu Shanghai 屌屌 屌屌頭 小雞雞 麻鳥
Suzhou 雞雞 小卵 長生果
Hangzhou 雀兒八屌小八屌 麻雀兒 麻油壺兒
Wenzhou 卵脬卵脬兒臀卵脬脬兒 脬脬兒 奶哥鳥兒
Chongming 卵子卵卵 小尿螺
Danyang 卵子屌子雞巴雞雞 小雀雀 雀雀 八八 八雞
Jinhua 老八兒聊子八兒八兒
Ningbo 卵子卵瓜瓜 瓜瓜
Xiang Changsha 雞巴掉它太鬍子雞雞 鳥鳥 梗梗
Shuangfeng 卵子雞蓀子
Loudi 雞巴勺欛腦殼雞雞 雞崽唧
Note † - of a boy

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𡳞.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𡳞.)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. an egg

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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  on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
たまご
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Vogeleier.jpg Fried egg, sunny side up.jpg
(tamago): a selection of different eggs.

From (tama, ball) +‎ (ko, child, small thing). The ko reading for changes to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たまご, rōmaji tamago)

  1. an egg, including fish roe
    • 1999 September 23, “ウィング・エッグ・エルフ [Wing Egg Elf]”, in Vol.5 (in Japanese), Konami:
      たまごのカラに () (つつ) (てん)使 () (おお)きな (はね) (こう) (げき) (ふせ)ぐ。
      Tamago no kara ni mi o tsutsumu tenshi. Ōki na hane de kōgeki o fusegu.
      An angel sheltered inside an eggshell. It fends off attacks with its massive wings.
    • 2000 July 13, “ドラゴン・エッガー [Dragon Egger]”, in Pharaoh’s Servant -ファラオのしもべ- (in Japanese), Konami:
       (たまご)のカラをかぶっているドラゴン。 () (ども) () (ちが)えると (いた) ()にあうぞ!
      Tamago no kara o kabutte iru doragon. Kodomo to machigaeru to itaime ni au zo!
      A dragon who shelters in an eggshell. Never mistake him for a literal baby!
    • 2003 July 17, “ジェノサイドキングサーモン [Genocide King Salmon]”, in 暗黒の侵略者 [Invader of Darkness] (in Japanese), Konami:
       (あん) (こく) (かい) (ぬし)として (おそ)れられている (きょ) (だい)なシャケ。その (たまご) (あん) (こく) (かい) (いち) () ()として ()られている。
      Ankokukai no nushi to shite osorerarete iru kyodai na shake. Sono tamago wa Ankokukaiichi no bimi to shiteshirarete iru.
      A giant salmon worst feared in the Dark Sea. Its roe is best known as the ultimate delicacy of the Dark World.
    • 1988 July 30, Fujiko F. Fujio, “やまでらグラフィティ [Mountain Temple Graffiti]”, in 宇宙船製造法 [How to Build a Spaceship] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 3), volume 3 (fiction, in Japanese), 6th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-140703-X, page 106:
      ぼく、 () (とう) (ひろ) (やす)。イラストレーターの (たまご)
      Boku, Katō Hiroyasu. Irasutorētā no tamago.
      My name’s Katō Hiroyasu. I’m a rookie illustrator.
Usage notes[edit]

This term in Japanese is nearly as broad in use as English egg, indicating an egg as laid by various oviparous organisms, and egg as used in cooking. For the more specific biological sense of ovum, see 卵子 (ranshi).

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
らん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC luɑnX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana らん, rōmaji ran)

  1. an ovum

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ran>nan)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): > (revised: ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer: ran, nan, Yale: lan, nan)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: al, McCune-Reischauer: al, Yale: al)
  1. ovum

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(noãn)

  1. ovum