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U+4E82, 亂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E82

[U+4E81]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E83]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +12, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月月山 (BBU), four-corner 22210, composition𤔔)

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 214
  • Dae Jaweon: page 173, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 57, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4E82

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*roːl
*roːns
*ŋroːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roːns): phonetic 𤔔 + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • luêng6 - Chaozhou;
  • luang6 - Shantou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luan⁵¹/
Harbin /lan⁵³/
/luan⁵³/
Tianjin /lan⁵³/
/luan⁵³/
Jinan /luã²¹/
Qingdao /luã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luan³¹²/
Xi'an /luã⁴⁴/
Xining /luã²¹³/
Yinchuan /luan¹³/
Lanzhou /luɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /luan²¹³/
Wuhan /nan³⁵/
Chengdu /nuan¹³/
Guiyang /luan²¹³/
Kunming /luã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /luaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /lʊ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /luæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /luɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /luæ̃⁵⁵/
/læ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /lø²³/
Suzhou /lø³¹/
Hangzhou /luõ¹³/
Wenzhou /lø²²/
Hui Shexian /lo²²/
Tunxi /luːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /lõ⁵⁵/
/lõ¹¹/
Xiangtan /nɔn²¹/
Gan Nanchang /lɵn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /lon⁵³/
Taoyuan /lon⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lyn²²/
Nanning /lyn²²/
Hong Kong /lyn²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /luan²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /luiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /luaŋ³⁵/
/lui²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwanH/
Li
Rong
/luɑnH/
Wang
Li
/luɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤo[n]-s/
English disorder, rebellion

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8645
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*roːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. disorderly; chaotic
  2. disorder; chaos; disarray
  3. turbulent
  4. unrest; uprising; revolt; rebellion
  5. confused
  6. promiscuous
  7. wildly; in an uncontrolled way; without order or reason; arbitrarily; at random; haphazardly
    /   ―  luànshuō  ―  to randomly say whatever is on one's mind
    /   ―  luàn  ―  to dance in an unorganized, uncoordinated way

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. turbulent

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ran) (hangeul , revised ran, McCune-Reischauer ran)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loạn, loàn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]