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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic 𤔔 + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +12, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月月山 (BBU), four-corner 22210, composition𤔔)

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 214
  • Dae Jaweon: page 173, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 57, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4E82

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luan⁵¹/
Harbin /lan⁵³/
/luan⁵³/
Tianjin /lan⁵³/
/luan⁵³/
Jinan /luã²¹/
Qingdao /luã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luan³¹²/
Xi'an /luã⁴⁴/
Xining /luã²¹³/
Yinchuan /luan¹³/
Lanzhou /luɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /luan²¹³/
Wuhan /nan³⁵/
Chengdu /nuan¹³/
Guiyang /luan²¹³/
Kunming /luã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /luaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /lʊ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /luæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /luɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /luæ̃⁵⁵/
/læ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /lø¹³/
Suzhou /lø³¹/
Hangzhou /luõ¹³/
Wenzhou /lø²²/
Hui Shexian /lo²²/
Tunxi /luːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /lõ⁵⁵/
/lõ¹¹/
Xiangtan /nɔn²¹/
Gan Nanchang /lɵn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /lon⁵³/
Taoyuan /lon⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lyn²²/
Nanning /lyn²²/
Hong Kong /lyn²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /luan²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /luiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /luaŋ³⁵/
/lui²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /lʷɑnH/ /lwanH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
luàn ‹ lwanH › /*[r]ˤo[n]-s/ disorder, rebellion

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8645 3 /*roːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. disorder; chaos; disarray
  2. unrest; uprising; revolt; rebellion
  3. wildly; in an uncontrolled way; without order or reason; arbitrarily; at random; haphazardly
    /   ―  luànshuō  ―  to randomly say whatever is on one's mind
    /   ―  luàn  ―  to dance in an unorganized, uncoordinated way

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. turbulent

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ran) (hangeul , revised ran, McCune-Reischauer ran)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loạn, loàn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]