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U+6F5B, 潛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6F5B

[U+6F5A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6F5C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 水一山日 (EMUA), four-corner 34161, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 652, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1059, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1740, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6F5B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
潛-bigseal.svg 潛-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsɯːm, *ʔsrɯm
*ʔsluːm, *ʔsluːmʔ, *ʔsluːms, *ʔsrum
*ʔsluːm
*sʰluːmʔ, *sʰlɯːmʔ
*sʰluːmʔ, *ʔsluːb
*sʰlɯːmʔ, *zlam
*zluːm
*zluːm, *hl'iːnʔ
*sluːmʔ
*ʔslom
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlom, *zloms
*ʔslɯːms
*sl'ɯm
*zlum
*ʔsrɯm
*ʔsrums

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zlom, *zloms): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰlɯːmʔ, *zlam).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (15)
Final () (153) (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziᴇm/ /d͡ziᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziɛm/ /d͡ziɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjæm/ /d͡zjæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ziam/ /d͡ziamH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziɛm/ /d͡ziɛmH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭɛm/ /d͡zĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ɛm/ /d͡zʱi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qián jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qián qián qián
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjem › ‹ dzjem › ‹ dzjemH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz][o]m/ /*[dz][o]m/ /*[dz][o]m-s/
English go under water 驩潛 Khwārazm (region in Central Asia, W. Hàn) to hide; secretly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6709 6710
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlom/ /*zloms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to go under water; to move under water
  2. to hide; to conceal
  3. to live in seclusion
  4. to make a concentrated effort
  5. hidden; secret
  6. latent
  7. secretly; stealthily
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jam) (hangeul , revised jam, McCune-Reischauer cham, Yale cam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiềm, tèm, tỉm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.