すみ

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese, first appearing in 762 CE.[1] Cognate with (sumi, ink; India ink).[2]

In turn, from Proto-Japonic *sumi. Cognate with Miyako (sïm), Okinawan (shimi), Yaeyama (sïn).

Possibly derived from the homophonous 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) 済み (sumi) of verb 済む (sumu, to finish, to conclude), from the way that cinders are left after a fire has finished burning.

Possibly also related to (susu, soot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. [from 762] charcoal
    Synonyms: (literally “wood charcoal”) 木炭 (mokutan), (rare reading) 木炭 (kizumi), (very rare as standalone noun; see below) (tan)
  2. [from early 900s] a coal or cinder from a fire
    Synonym: (literally “extinguished coal/cinder”) 消し炭 (keshizumi)
  3. [date uncertain] (rare) coal (fossil fuel)
    Synonyms: (literally “stone charcoal”) 石炭 (sekitan), (rare reading) 石炭 (ishizumi), (very rare as standalone noun; see below) (tan)

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese, first appearing in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE with the phonetic spelling 須彌 ⟨sumi1.[6] Cognate with (sumi, charcoal).[2]

In turn, from Proto-Japonic *sumi. Cognate with Southern Amami-Oshima (sïmi).

Possibly derived from the homophonous 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) 済み (sumi) of verb 済む (sumu, to finish, to conclude), from the way that cinders are left after a fire has finished burning.

Possibly also related to (susu, soot), from which India ink is made.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. ink
  2. (specifically) India ink

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative spelling
済み

From the verb 済む (sumu, to settle, to conclude, to finish, first attested with this sense in the early 1300s), in turn from 澄む清む (sumu, to settle, to become clear), from Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. [date uncertain] finish, completion, conclusion
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. stem or continuative form of すむ (sumu) [godan]

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative spellings

From Old Japanese, first appearing in the Kojiki of 712 with the phonetic spelling 須美 ⟨sumi1.[7]

Considering the different pitch accent, this appears to be unrelated to the "charcoal; ink; finish" senses.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. interior corner (e.g., of a room or board surface), nook
See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

すみ (Sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. a surname

Etymology 5[edit]

Alternative spelling
酸味

From (su, the stem of adjective 酸い (sui, sour)) +‎ (-mi, -ness, specifically for subjective impressions).[8] The use of the kanji is an example of ateji (当て字), in this case, phonosemantic matching with a possible conflation of senses.[9]

First cited to a text from 1833.[8]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. [from 1833] sourness, sour taste, sour flavor

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Kyōsuke Kindaichi, Tadao Yamada, Takeshi Shibata, Kenji Sakai, Yasuo Kuramochi, and Akio Yamada, editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  6. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[2] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  7. ^ 隅・角”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[3] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  8. 8.0 8.1 酸味”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[4] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  9. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[5] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000

Okinawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

すみ (sumi

  1. 趣味: hobby; taste, preference