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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一田戈金水 (MWICE), four-corner 13647)

  1. stiff
  2. spoiled

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1283, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39871
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1783, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3585, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9178

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (酸), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 素官切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/suɑn/ /suɑn/ /suɑn/ /sʷɑn/ /swan/ /suɑn/ /suɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
suān ‹ swan › /*[s]ˤor/ sour

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16434 3 /*sloːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sour, tart
  2. (chemistry) acid

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune-Reischauer san, Yale san)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toan)

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