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U+9178, 酸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9178

[U+9177]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9179]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一田戈金水 (MWICE), four-corner 13647, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1283, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39871
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1783, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3585, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9178

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sloːl
*sloːl
*sloːlʔ, *sroːlʔ, *slul
*sroːls
*ʔsluːl
*ʔsluːls, *ʔsluːns, *sʰlun
*slul
*sloːn
*sloːn
*sloːn
*ʔslon
*ʔslon
*sʰlon
*zlonʔ, *ɦljunʔ
*ɡronʔ, *lonʔ
*lonʔ
*lonʔ
*lonʔ, *lunʔ
*lonʔ
*lonʔ
*lonʔ
*ʔsluːns, *ʔsluns, *sʰlud
*lunʔ
*lunʔ
*lunʔ
*ʔsluns
*ʔsluns, *sluns
*ʔsluns
*ʔsluns
駿 *ʔsluns
*sʰlun
*sʰlun
*sʰlun
*sʰlun
*sʰlun
*sluns
*sluns
*sluns
*sluns
*sluns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sloːn): semantic  + phonetic (OC *sʰlun).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • soan - literary;
  • sng/suiⁿ/sǹg - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/suɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swan/
Li
Rong
/suɑn/
Wang
Li
/suɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suān
Middle
Chinese
‹ swan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤor/
English sour

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16434
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sloːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sour; tart
  2. sour taste; sourness
  3. sick at heart; grieved; sad
  4. Alternative form of (“aching; sore; stiff”).
  5. stingy; miserly
  6. narrow-minded; pedantic
  7. spoiled; rancid
  8. (chemistry) acid

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. (chemistry) acid

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune-Reischauer san, Yale san)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.