phenol

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See also: Phenol and phénol

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French phène, from Greek φαίνω (faíno, to clear), as it was used for illumination, name given by Auguste Laurente in 1836[1].

Noun[edit]

phenol (countable and uncountable, plural phenols)

  1. (organic chemistry, uncountable) A caustic, poisonous, white crystalline compound, C6H5OH, derived from benzene and used in resins, plastics, and pharmaceuticals and in dilute form as a disinfectant and antiseptic; once called carbolic acid.
  2. (organic chemistry, countable) Any of a class of aromatic organic compounds having at least one hydroxyl group attached directly to the benzene ring.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Auguste Laurent (1836) "Sur la chlorophénise et les acides chlorophénisique et chlorophénèsique," Annales de Chemie et de Physique, vol. 63, pp. 27–45, see p. 44: Je donne le nom de phène au radical fondamental des acides précédens (φαινω, j'éclaire), puisque la benzine se trouve dans le gaz de l'éclairage. (I give the name of "phène" (φαινω, I illuminate) to the fundamental radical of the preceding acid, because benzene is found in illuminating gas.)

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