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See also: , , and
U+54B8, 咸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B8

[U+54B7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一口 (IHMR), four-corner 53200, composition or ⿵𠮛)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 187, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1404, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54B8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms Cantonese “all; entire”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
咸-oracle.svg 咸-bronze.svg 咸-seal.svg 咸-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːmʔ
*kɯːmʔ
*kʰɯːmʔ, *ŋɡrɯːms
*kʰɯːmʔ, *kʰɯːms
*ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːms
*qʰaːmʔ, *qʰrɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*krɯːm
*krɯːm, *kjum
*krɯːm, *ŋɡrɯːm
*krɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*ŋɡrɯːm, *ɡram
*ŋɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡam, *ɡram, *kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjum

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (axe) +  (mouth (person) or clay pot). To cut off one's head with an ax, depriving them of all they have; alternatively, to break a pot with an ax.

For etymology 2, simplified from (elimination of ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Khmer ព្រម (prɔɔm, to agree; to go along with; together) (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (151)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨm/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐm/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xián
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xián
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛm ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤr[ə]m/
English all; everywhere

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13515
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯːm/
Notes
Definitions[edit]

  1. all; completely
  2. together
  3. united; in harmony
  4. common; popular; widespread
  5. to finish; to terminate
  6. 31st hexagram of the I Ching
  7. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) all; entire
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“salty; briny; salted”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune–Reischauer ham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: hàm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]