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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
出-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
出-oracle.svg 出-bronze.svg 出-bigseal.svg 出-seal.svg

Uncertain. For dictionary purposes the bottom element is analyzed as , Radical 17, "container". The top element resembles , Radical 45, "sprout", thus some etymologies have a "sprout emerging".[1] Léon Wieger has 屮 stacked twice.[2] Oracle bones character may represent a "foot coming out of an enclosure"[3]

Han character[edit]

(radical 17 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 山山 (UU), four-corner 22772, composition)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chinese Characters: A Genealogy and Dictionary by Rick Harbaugh, Yale Press http://zhongwen.com
  2. ^ Chinese Characters: Their Origin, Etymology, History, Classification and Signification by Léon Wieger http://books.google.com/books?id=odrkZvbqJQoC&pg=PG200
  3. ^ chineseetymology.org http://www.chineseetymology.org/CharacterEtymology.aspx?submitButton1=Etymology&characterInput=出
  • KangXi: page 135, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1811
  • Dae Jaweon: page 301, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 307, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+51FA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/ ~去
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹/
/t͡sʰu²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰu²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰu³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
/t͡sʰz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰut̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰyt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰouʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sut̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (24)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiuɪH/ /t͡ɕʰwiH/ /t͡ɕʰuiH/ /t͡ɕʰʷiH/ /cʰwiH/ /t͡ɕʰwiH/ /t͡ɕʰjuɪH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (24)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiuɪt̚/ /t͡ɕʰi̯uĕt̚/ /t͡ɕʰiuĕt̚/ /t͡ɕʰʷit̚/ /cʰwit̚/ /t͡ɕʰĭuĕt̚/ /t͡ɕʰjuet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chū ‹ tsyhwit › /*t-kʰut/ go or come out
chuì ‹ tsyhwijH › /*t-kʰut-s/ bring or take out

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1545 3 /*kʰljuds/
1578 2 /*kʰljud/

Verb[edit]

  1. go out
  2. send out
  3. produce

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

The 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 出る ‎(deru, to come out).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji de)

  1. the process of something coming out
  2. something that comes out

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅつ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tsyhwit, to go or come out).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅつ, romaji shutsu)

  1. being from a certain place
  2. coming out

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Contraction of verb 出ず ‎(izu, to go or come out, obsolete)

Verb[edit]

‎(nidan conjugation, hiragana , romaji zu, historical hiragana )

  1. (obsolete) to go or come out

Usage notes[edit]

The 出る ‎(deru) form is now the standard term for this in modern Japanese.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chul)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: ch'ul)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xuất, xuý)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.