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U+5800, 堀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5800

[U+57FF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5801]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土尸山山 (GSUU), four-corner 47172, composition)

  1. cave, hole

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5205
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 459, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5800

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
堀-bigseal.svg 堀-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰuːlʔ, *ŋrɯd, *ʔr'uːd, *ŋruːd
*kljods
*sqʰluds
*kʰljuds, *kʰljud
*ʔl'ɯd, *skruːd, *skrod, *skrud
*qʰlɯd, *l̥ʰud
*ŋr'uːd
*ŋr'oːd
*ʔl'oːd, *ʔl'uːd
*sɡloːd, *ʔl'uːd
*kljod
*kljod, *l̥ʰud
*ɡlod, *ɡlud
*l'uːd
*kluːd, *qʰluːd
*kluːd, *ɡluːd
*kʰluːd
*kʰluːd, *ʔl'ud
*kʰluːd, *ɡlud
*kʰluːd, *pʰlɯːlʔ, *pʰlɯːls, *pʰlɯlʔ
*ʔl'ud
*ʔl'ud
*l̥ʰud
*klud, *kʰlud
*klud
*klud
*kʰlud
*ɡlud
*ɡlud, *ŋɡlud

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (29)
Final () (60) (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨut̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiut̚/ /kʰuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gut̚/ /kʰwət̚/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ku
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤut/
English hole

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1567 1587
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰluːd/ /*ɡlud/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほり
Grade: S
kun'yomi

The 連用形(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 掘る(horu, to dig).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほり, romaji hori)

  1. ditch, canal
  2. moat

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほり, romaji Hori)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gul) (hangeul , revised gul, McCune-Reischauer kul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.