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See also:
U+6398, 掘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6398

[U+6397]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6399]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手尸山山 (QSUU), four-corner 57072, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 438, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12264
  • Dae Jaweon: page 787, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1909, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6398

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
掘-bigseal.svg 掘-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰuːlʔ, *ŋrɯd, *ʔr'uːd, *ŋruːd
*kljods
*sqʰluds
*kʰljuds, *kʰljud
*ʔl'ɯd, *skruːd, *skrod, *skrud
*qʰlɯd, *l̥ʰud
*ŋr'uːd
*ŋr'oːd
*ʔl'oːd, *ʔl'uːd
*sɡloːd, *ʔl'uːd
*kljod
*kljod, *l̥ʰud
*ɡlod, *ɡlud
*l'uːd
*kluːd, *qʰluːd
*kluːd, *ɡluːd
*kʰluːd
*kʰluːd, *ʔl'ud
*kʰluːd, *ɡlud
*kʰluːd
*ʔl'ud
*ʔl'ud
*l̥ʰud
*klud, *kʰlud
*klud
*klud
*kʰlud
*ɡlud
*ɡlud, *ŋɡlud

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕyɛ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕye⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕyə⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕyə²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕyɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕyɛ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕyu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕye¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕyə⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕye²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
/t͡ɕie²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyeʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /d͡ʑyəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕye²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕyæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰiut̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐt̚²/
Nanning /kʷet̚²²/
Hong Kong /kwɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (30)
Final () (60) (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨut̚/ /ɡʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiut̚/ /ɡʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuət̚/ /ɡiuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gut̚/ /guat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuət̚/ /ɡiuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuət̚/ /ɡĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uət̚/ /gi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jué
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jué jué
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjut › ‹ gjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ut/ /*[ɡ]ot/
English dig out (earth) dig out (earth)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1559 1586
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𧤼
Old
Chinese
/*ɡlod/ /*ɡlud/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to dig; to excavate

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gul, gwol) (hangeul , , revised gul, gwol, McCune-Reischauer kul, kwŏl, Yale kwul, kwel)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quật, oặt, quặt, quất, quịt, quát, quạt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.