Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+5176, 其
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5176

[U+5175]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5177]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
其-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿一一金 (TMMC), four-corner 44801, composition𠄠)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 127, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1472
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 245, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5176

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
其-oracle.svg 其-bronze.svg 其-seal.svg 其-bigseal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

In the oracle bone script, it was originally 𠀠, a pictogram (象形) of a basket.

In the bronze inscriptions, was added under the basket to represent a stand. It may also have acted as a phonetic component.

Later borrowed for an Old Chinese pronoun. The derivative (OC *kɯ) refers to the original word.

Etymology[edit]

third-person possessive pronoun
Schuessler (2007) notes its origin is not certain because in the linguistic area pronouns tend to be of the shape KV (K=velar stop; V=vowel). Perhaps Sino-Tibetan; compare Mizo khi (that), Tibetan -ཀྱི, -གྱི (-kyi, -gyi, genitive suffix), but a Tibeto-Burman /a/ should be expected in this set. Alternatively, Proto-Austroasiatic *ki/ke ~ *ku/ko (third person pronoun) whose earliest form is perhaps *kɨ (Pinnow, 1965) appears to be phonologically closest to the OC word. (OC *ɡɯ) may be related to (OC *ɡa, “he”).
modal particle "should; probably"
Probably cognate with (OC *ɡɯ, “stipulated time; time”), (OC *kɯ, “year”) (Serruys, 1982).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiə/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gi › ‹ gi ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡə/ /*ɡə/
English modal particle (3p possessive)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9947
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. he; she; it; they; one
    所好  ―  tóusuǒhào  ―  to adapt to somebody's taste (lit. to cater to that which one likes)
  2. his; her; its; their
    各司 / 各司  ―  gèsīzhí  ―  each person performs his own function
  3. that; those
  4. among which; therein
  5. probably; perhaps
    Synonyms: 大概 (dàgài), 或許或许 (huòxǔ)
  6. (particle indicating intention) let, shall, will
  7. (adverb indicating a rhetorical question)
    Synonyms: (), 難道难道 (nándào)
  8. (adverb indicating imperative)
  9. if
  10. (conjunction indicating a question with choices) or
  11. (Min Dong) Possessive particle.
  12. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9937
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used at the end of a sentence to show doubt.
  2. Used in personal names.
    /   ―  Lì Yì  ―  Li Yiji (an advisor to Liu Bang)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

() (shi

  1. (archaic) that
  2. you
  3. oneself

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (gi))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: , kỳ, , khởi

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.