Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+5176, 其
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5176

[U+5175]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5177]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
其-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿一一金 (TMMC), four-corner 44801, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 127, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1472
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 245, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5176

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
其-oracle.svg 其-bronze.svg 其-bigseal.svg 其-seal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯs
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯs
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ, *ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs

In the oracle bone script, it was originally 𠀠, a pictogram (象形) of a basket.

In the bronze inscriptions, was added under the basket to represent a stand. It may also have acted as a phonetic component.

Later borrowed for an Old Chinese pronoun. The derivative (OC *kɯ) refers to the original word.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiə/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gi › ‹ gi ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡə/ /*ɡə/
English modal particle (3p possessive)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9947
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. he; she; it; they; one
    所好  ―  tóusuǒhào  ―  to adapt to somebody's taste (lit. to cater to that which one likes)
  2. his; her; its; their
    各司 / 各司  ―  gèsīzhí  ―  each person performs his own function
  3. (Min Dong) Possessive particle.
  4. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“he”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng
Baochang
Bayanhot
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Jining
Hohhot
Baotou
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Tangxi 渠儂
Ningbo 渠儂
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou
Dialectal synonyms of (“possessive particle”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Malaysia
Singapore
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9937
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used at the end of a sentence to show doubt.
  2. Used in names.
    /   ―  Lì Yì  ―  Li Yiji (an advisor to Liu Bang)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji shi)

  1. (archaic) that
  2. you
  3. oneself

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khởi, , kỳ, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.