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U+65A7, 斧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65A7

[U+65A6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65A8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 69, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 金大竹一中 (CKHML), four-corner 80221, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 479, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13539
  • Dae Jaweon: page 838, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2023, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+65A7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *paʔ): phonetic  (OC *paʔ, *baʔ) + semantic  (axe)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-pʷa (axe) (STEDT). Cognate with Garo rua (axe), Jingpho nwa, ningwa (axe), Tangut 𘟬 (wjị, axe), Japhug rpa (axe).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bu2 - vernacular;
  • fu2 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • Sixian:
      • pú - vernacular;
      • fú - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • bū - vernacular;
    • hǔ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • puō - vernacular;
    • hū - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pó͘/phú - vernacular;
    • hú - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /pioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*p(r)aʔ/
    English axe

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3499
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*paʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. axe; hatchet

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おの
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    Wikipedia-logo.png
      on Japanese Wikipedia

    From Proto-Japonic *wənə. Cognate with Yonaguni (ぶぬ, bunu).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (おの) (ono (historical kana をの)

    1. axe
      • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 9 (back))
        乎乃
      • 2008 March 15, “アックス・レイダー [Axe Raider]”, in STARTER(スターター) DECK(デッキ), Konami:
        オノ()(せん)()(かた)()オノ()(まわ)(こう)(げき)はかなり(つよ)い。
        Ono o motsu senshi. Katate de ono o furimawasu kōgeki wa kanari tsuyoi.
        An axe-wielding warrior. He swings his axe with only one arm, yet he can deal quite some heavy blows.

    References[edit]

    • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bu) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: phủ
    : Nôm readings: búa

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.