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See also: and
U+65A4, 斤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65A4

[U+65A3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65A5]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
斤-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 69, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹一中 (HML), four-corner 72221, composition𠂆 or ⿸𠂋)

  1. Kangxi radical #69, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 479, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13534
  • Dae Jaweon: page 837, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2022, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65A4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms “axe”
“catty”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
斤-oracle.svg 斤-bronze.svg 斤-silk.svg 斤-seal.svg 斤-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡɯ, *kɯl, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl, *ŋɡɯːn, *ŋɡɯn
*ɡɯl, *ɡɯːls
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ŋɡɯl
*qʰan
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋkɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ
*ŋrɯns, *qɯns
*kɯn, *kɯns
*kɯnʔ
*kɯns
*kɯns
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰɯnʔ
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯnʔ, *ɡɯns
*ŋɡɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn, *qʰɯns
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯns, *mpreːɡs
*qʰɯns

Pictogram (象形) - an axe.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕin²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐn⁵³/
Nanning /kɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨn/
Li
Rong
/kiən/
Wang
Li
/kĭən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjɨn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ər/
English axe; catty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6649
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. catty, a unit of weight
    1. (Mainland China) catty or jin, a traditional unit of weight, equal to 0.5 kilograms
    2. (Hong Kong) catty or kan, a traditional unit of weight, legally defined as equal to 0.60478982 kilograms (公斤 or sometimes approximated as 500 grams)
    3. (Taiwan) catty, a traditional unit of weight, equal to 0.6 kilograms, also equal to 16 taels
  2. axe; ax
  3. keen; shrewd

See also[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kiənH/
Wang
Li
/kĭənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6653
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 斤斤 (jīnjīn).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. counter for loaves of bread

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune–Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cân, rìu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.