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U+65A4, 斤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65A4

[U+65A3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65A5]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
斤-bw.png
Stroke order
斤-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 69 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹一中 (HML), four-corner 72221)

  1. Kangxi radical #69, (axe).

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 479, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13534
  • Dae Jaweon: page 837, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2022, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65A4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
斤-oracle.svg 斤-bronze.svg 斤-silk.svg 斤-bigseal.svg 斤-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡɯ, *kɯl, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl, *ŋɡɯːn, *ŋɡɯn
*ɡɯl, *ɡɯːls
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ŋɡɯl
*qʰan
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋkɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ
*ŋrɯns, *qɯns
*kɯn, *kɯns
*kɯnʔ
*kɯns
*kɯns
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰɯnʔ
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯnʔ, *ɡɯns
*ŋɡɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn, *qʰɯns
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯns, *mpreːɡs
*qʰɯns

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕin²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐn⁵³/
Nanning /kɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (57) (57)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨn/ /kɨnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨn/ /kɨnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiən/ /kiənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨn/ /kɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kiən/ /kiənH/
Wang
Li
/kĭən/ /kĭənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ən/ /ki̯ənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn jìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjɨn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ər/
English axe; catty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6649 6653
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯn/ /*kɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. catty, a unit of weight
    1. (Mainland) catty or jin, a traditional unit of weight, equal to 0.5 kilograms
    2. (Hong Kong) catty or kan, a traditional unit of weight, legally defined as equal to 0.60478982 kilograms (公斤 or sometimes approximated as 500 grams)
    3. (Taiwan) catty, a traditional unit of weight, equal to 0.6 kilograms, also equal to 16 taels
  2. axe; ax
  3. keen; shrewd

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. counter for loaves of bread

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cân, rìu, gần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.