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See also:
U+6298, 折
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6298

[U+6297]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6299]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手竹一中 (QHML), four-corner 52021, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 422, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 770, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1838, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6298

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
折-oracle.svg 折-bronze.svg 折-silk.svg 折-seal.svg 折-bigseal.svg

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsjat (to cut off; to sever; to break).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • siĕk - vernacular;
  • ciék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chi̍h, chek - vernacular;
    • chiat - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (81)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕiᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕjæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ciat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯ɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhe
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zit3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhé
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tet/
    English bend; break (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 16947
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔljed/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. to break off; to snap; to pluck off
    2. to bend
    3. to lose
    4. to die (young)
    5. to admire; to be convinced
    6. to trade; to exchange
    7. to censure; to blame
    8. discount
        ―  dǎ jiǔ zhé  ―  ten percent off (or discount to ninety percent of the original price)
    9. difficulty; obstacle
    10. Classifier for folds.
    11. Classifier for theatrical scenes.
    12. (Chinese calligraphy) a change in direction of a stroke (such as in , , or )
    13. A surname.
    Coordinate terms[edit]
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. to turn over; to flip
    2. to pour out; to tip something out
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (81)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑiat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shé
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sit6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shé
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-tet/
    English bend (v.i.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 16951
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦljed/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. to break
    2. to be at a (financial) loss
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 4[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /dei/
    Wang
    Li
    /diei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    tai4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 16937
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'eːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 折折.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to destroy; to fold; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“wing; fin; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. fold

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeol, je) (hangeul , , revised jeol, je, McCune–Reischauer chŏl, che, Yale cel, cey)

    1. To fold

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: chiết ((chi)(liệt)(thiết))[1][2][3], triếp[3], triệp[3]
    : Nôm readings: chết[1][2][3][4][5], giết[1][2][3][4][5], chẹt[2][3][4][5], chiết[1][2][5], chét[1][3], xít[1][4], chệch[3][4], chịt[3][4], nhét[3][4], nhít[3][4], siết[3][4], xiết[3][4], chích[1], chít[3], dít[3], gãy[3], gẩy[3], giẹp[3], quạt[3], trét[3]

    1. Nôm form of chết (to die).
    2. Nôm form of giết (to kill; to murder).

    References[edit]