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See also:
U+886B, 衫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-886B

[U+886A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+886C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
衫-seal.svg 衫-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sroːm): semantic + phonetic (OC *sroːm, *slom).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: sam1 - literary.
Note:
  • saⁿ - vernacular;
  • sam - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /san²¹/
    Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
    Xi'an /sã²¹/
    Xining /sã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
    Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /sa³³/
    Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /sɔn²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /san³³/
    Xiangtan /san³³/
    Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sam⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sam⁵⁵/
    Nanning /sam⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sam⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sam⁵⁵/
    /sã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
    /ta²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (149)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠam/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚam/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃam/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂaɨm/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃam/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃam/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂam/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11044
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sroːm/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or Wu) unlined garment
    2. (literary or Cantonese, Min) shirt; top (Classifier: c;  mn)
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
    3. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Pinghua) clothing; clothes (Classifier: c;  mn)
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a set of clothes

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
    2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
    3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune–Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (sam, oam, sờm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.