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See also:
U+886B, 衫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-886B

[U+886A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+886C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
衫-seal.svg 衫-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːm
*sroːm, *slom
*sroːm
*priw, *piw, *sroːm
*sraːms
*l̥ʰun
*l'uːŋ
*l'uːŋ
*luŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sroːm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sroːm, *slom).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sam - literary;
  • saⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /san²¹/
    Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
    Xi'an /sã²¹/
    Xining /sã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
    Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /sa³³/
    Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /sɔn²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /san³³/
    Xiangtan /san³³/
    Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sam⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sam⁵⁵/
    Nanning /sam⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sam⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sam⁵⁵/
    /sã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
    /ta²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (149)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠam/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚam/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃam/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂaɨm/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃam/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃam/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂam/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11044
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sroːm/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or Wu) unlined garment
    2. (literary or Cantonese, Min) shirt; top (Classifier: c)
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
    3. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Pinghua) clothing; clothes
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a set of clothes

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 衣服 (“clothes”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 衣裳衣服
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 衣服
    Mandarin Beijing 衣裳衣服
    Taiwan 衣服衣裳
    Tianjin 衣裳衣服
    Harbin 衣服衣裳
    Shenyang 衣裳
    Jinan 衣裳衣服
    Muping 衣裳
    Luoyang 衣裳
    Jiedian 穿的
    Xi'an 衣裳
    Xining 衣裳
    Xuzhou 衣裳衣服
    Yinchuan 衣裳
    Lanzhou 衣裳
    Ürümqi 衣裳
    Wuhan 衣服衣裳
    Chengdu 衣裳衣服
    Guiyang 衣裳衣服
    Liuzhou 衣裳衣服
    Kunming 衣裳
    Yangzhou 衣裳
    Nanjing 衣裳衣服
    Hefei 衣裳
    Nantong 衣裳
    Cantonese Guangzhou 衫褲
    Hong Kong 衫褲
    Dongguan 衫褲
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 衣裳
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 衫褲
    Gan Nanchang 衣裳
    Lichuan 衣裳
    Pingxiang 衣服
    Hakka Meixian 衫褲
    Xingning 衫褲
    Huidong 衫褲
    Qujiang 衫褲
    Xiaosanjiang 衫褲
    Changting 衫褲
    Pingyu 衫褲
    Wuping 衫褲
    Liancheng 衫褲
    Ninghua 衫褲
    Yudu 衫褲
    Ruijin 衫褲
    Shicheng 衫褲
    Shangyou 衫褲
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫褲
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫褲
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫褲
    Dongshi (Dabu) 衫褲
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 衫褲
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫褲
    Hong Kong 衫褲
    Huizhou Jixi 衣裳
    Jin Taiyuan 衣裳
    Xinzhou 衣裳
    Min Bei Jian'ou 衣裳
    Min Dong Fuzhou 衣裳
    Fuqing 衣裳衫褲
    Matsu 衣裳
    Min Nan Xiamen 衫褲
    Quanzhou 衫褲
    Zhangzhou 衫褲
    Taipei 衫仔褲
    Kaohsiung 衫仔褲
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi 衫仔褲
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang 衫仔褲
    Sanxia
    Yilan 衫仔褲
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore 衫褲
    Philippines (Manila) 衫褲
    Chaozhou 衫褲
    Haikou 衫褲
    Leizhou 衫褲
    Wu Shanghai 衣裳
    Suzhou 衣裳
    Hangzhou 衣裳
    Wenzhou 衣裳衣裳兒服
    Chongming 衣裳
    Danyang 衣裳衣衫
    Jinhua 衣裳
    Ningbo 衣裳衣衫
    Xiang Changsha 衣服衣褲
    Shuangfeng 衣服衣褲
    Loudi 衣褲

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
    2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
    3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune-Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (sam, oam, sờm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.