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See also:
U+886B, 衫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-886B

[U+886A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+886C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
衫-bigseal.svg 衫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːm
*sroːm, *slom
*sroːm
*priw, *piw, *sroːm
*sraːms
*l̥ʰun
*l'uːŋ
*l'uːŋ
*luŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sroːm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sroːm, *slom).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sam - literary;
  • saⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠam/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚam/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃam/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨm/
Li
Rong
/ʃam/
Wang
Li
/ʃam/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂam/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11044
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sroːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or Wu) unlined garment
  2. (literary or Cantonese, Min) shirt; top (Classifier: c)
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
  3. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Pinghua) clothing; clothes
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a set of clothes

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 衣服 (“clothes”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 衣裳衣服
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 衣服
Mandarin Beijing 衣裳衣服
Taiwan 衣服衣裳
Tianjin 衣裳衣服
Harbin 衣服衣裳
Shenyang 衣裳
Jinan 衣裳衣服
Muping 衣裳
Luoyang 衣裳
Jiedian 穿的
Xi'an 衣裳
Xining 衣裳
Xuzhou 衣裳衣服
Yinchuan 衣裳
Lanzhou 衣裳
Ürümqi 衣裳
Wuhan 衣服衣裳
Chengdu 衣裳衣服
Guiyang 衣裳衣服
Liuzhou 衣裳衣服
Kunming 衣裳
Yangzhou 衣裳
Nanjing 衣裳衣服
Hefei 衣裳
Nantong 衣裳
Cantonese Guangzhou 衫褲
Hong Kong 衫褲
Dongguan 衫褲
Hong Kong (Weitou) 衣裳
Taishan
Yangjiang 衫褲
Gan Nanchang 衣裳
Lichuan 衣裳
Pingxiang 衣服
Hakka Meixian 衫褲
Xingning 衫褲
Huidong 衫褲
Qujiang 衫褲
Xiaosanjiang 衫褲
Changting 衫褲
Pingyu 衫褲
Wuping 衫褲
Liancheng 衫褲
Ninghua 衫褲
Yudu 衫褲
Ruijin 衫褲
Shicheng 衫褲
Shangyou 衫褲
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫褲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫褲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫褲
Dongshi (Dabu) 衫褲
Zhuolan (Raoping) 衫褲
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫褲
Hong Kong 衫褲
Huizhou Jixi 衣裳
Jin Taiyuan 衣裳
Xinzhou 衣裳
Min Bei Jian'ou 衣裳
Min Dong Fuzhou 衣裳
Fuqing 衣裳衫褲
Matsu 衣裳
Min Nan Xiamen 衫褲
Quanzhou 衫褲
Zhangzhou 衫褲
Taipei 衫仔褲
Kaohsiung 衫仔褲
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi 衫仔褲
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang 衫仔褲
Sanxia
Yilan 衫仔褲
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Singapore 衫褲
Philippines (Manila) 衫褲
Chaozhou 衫褲
Haikou 衫褲
Leizhou 衫褲
Wu Shanghai 衣裳
Suzhou 衣裳
Hangzhou 衣裳
Wenzhou 衣裳衣裳兒服
Chongming 衣裳
Danyang 衣裳衣衫
Jinhua 衣裳
Ningbo 衣裳衣衫
Xiang Changsha 衣服衣褲
Shuangfeng 衣服衣褲
Loudi 衣褲

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
  2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
  3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune-Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sam, oam, sờm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.