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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /san²¹/
Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
Xi'an /sã²¹/
Xining /sã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /sa³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /sɔn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /san³³/
Xiangtan /san³³/
Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sam⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sam⁵⁵/
Nanning /sam⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sam⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sam⁵⁵/
/sã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
/ta²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣam/ /ʂam/ /ʃam/ /ʃɯam/ /ʂaɨm/ /ʃam/ /ʃam/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11044 3 /*sroːm/

Noun[edit]

(classifier Cantonese: )

  1. shirt
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
  2. clothing
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a set of clothes

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Cantonese, Min Nan and Hakka, can be used as a stand-alone noun.

See also[edit]

  • (Mandarin) 上衣 (shàngyī, “shirt”)
  • (Mandarin) 衣服 (yīfú, “clothing”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
  2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
  3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune-Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sam, oam, sờm)

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