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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
衫-bigseal.svg 衫-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sroːm): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *sroːm, *slom).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /san²¹/
Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
Xi'an /sã²¹/
Xining /sã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /sa³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /sɔn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /san³³/
Xiangtan /san³³/
Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sam⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sam⁵⁵/
Nanning /sam⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sam⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sam⁵⁵/
/sã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
/ta²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠam/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚam/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃam/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨm/
Li
Rong
/ʃam/
Wang
Li
/ʃam/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂam/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11044
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sroːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or Wu) unlined garment
  2. (literary or Cantonese, Min) shirt; top   (Classifier: c)
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
  3. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Pinghua) clothing; clothes
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a set of clothes

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 衣服 ("clothes")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical 衣裳衣著衣服
Mandarin Beijing 衣裳衣服
Taiwan 衣服衣裳
Tianjin 衣裳衣服
Jinan 衣裳衣服
Xi'an 衣裳
Wuhan 衣服衣裳
Chengdu 衣裳
Yangzhou 衣裳
Hefei 衣裳
Cantonese Guangzhou 衫褲
Hong Kong 衫褲
Taishan
Yangjiang 衫褲
Gan Nanchang 衣裳
Hakka Meixian 衫褲
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫褲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫褲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫褲
Dongshi (Dabu) 衫褲
Taiwanese Raoping 衫褲
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫褲
Jin Taiyuan 衣裳
Min Bei Jian'ou 衣裳
Min Dong Fuzhou 衣裳
Min Nan Quanzhou 衫褲
Xiamen 衫褲
Zhangzhou 衫褲
Taipei 衫仔褲
Kaohsiung 衫仔褲
Chaozhou 衫褲
Wu Shanghai 衣裳
Suzhou 衣裳
Wenzhou 衣裳
Chongming 衣裳
Xiang Changsha 衣服衣褲
Shuangfeng 衣服衣褲

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
  2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
  3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune-Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sam, oam, sờm)

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