經濟

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See also: 経済

Chinese[edit]

 
classics; sacred book; pass through; to undergo; scripture
aid; ferry; frugal
trad. (經濟)
simp. (经济)
Short for 經世濟民经世济民 ("govern and benefit the people").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (經濟, reconstructed)
Character (經), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古靈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/keŋ/ /kieŋ/ /keŋ/ /keŋ/ /kɛjŋ/ /kieŋ/ /kɛŋ/
Character (經), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古定切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/keŋH/ /kieŋH/ /keŋH/ /keŋH/ /kɛjŋH/ /kieŋH/ /kɛŋH/
Character (濟), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 子禮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡seiX/ /t͡sieiX/ /t͡seiX/ /t͡seiX/ /t͡sɛjX/ /t͡sieiX/ /t͡sɛiX/
Character (濟), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 子計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡seiH/ /t͡sieiH/ /t͡seiH/ /t͡seiH/ /t͡sɛjH/ /t͡sieiH/ /t͡sɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (經濟, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīng ‹ keng › /*k-lˤeŋ/ loom; regulate; norm
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤ[i]jʔ/ numerous
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤəjʔ/ stately
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤəjʔ/ [river name]
‹ tsejH › /*[ts]ˤ[i]j(ʔ)-s/ cross a stream; rescue
‹ tsejH › /*[ts]ˤ[i]j(ʔ)-s/ stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6799 0 /*keːŋ/
6807 0 /*keːŋs/
10043 1 /*ʔsliːlʔ/
10048 1 /*ʔsliːls/

Noun[edit]

經濟

  1. economy; finance
  2. economics

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (經濟):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
けい
Hyōgaiji
さ > ざい
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

經濟 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 経済, hiragana けいざい, romaji keizai)

  1. economy

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

經濟 (gyeongje) (hangeul 경제)

  1. Hanja form? of 경제, “economy”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

經濟

  1. Hán tự form of kinh tế, "to economize"