世界

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

 
life; age; generation; era; world; lifetime
 
boundary; scope; extent; circles; group; kingdom (taxonomy)
simp. and trad.
(世界)

Etymology[edit]

Originally coined as a Buddhist phrase, translating Sanskrit लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (26) (28)
Final () (35) (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇiH/ /kˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛiH/ /kᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæiH/ /kɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiajH/ /kəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛiH/ /kɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛiH/ /kɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛiH/ /kăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì jiè

Noun[edit]

世界

  1. world
    世界地圖 / 世界地图  ―  shìjiè dìtú  ―  world map
    世界秩序  ―  shìjiè zhìxù  ―  world order
    世界紀錄 / 世界纪录  ―  shìjiè jìlù  ―  world record
    世界潮流  ―  shìjiè cháoliú  ―  global trend
    環遊世界 / 环游世界  ―  huányóu shìjiè  ―  to travel the world
    世界各地  ―  shìjiè gèdì  ―  all over the world
    穆斯林世界  ―  mùsīlín shìjiè  ―  Muslim world
    列為世界文化遺產 [MSC, trad.]
    列为世界文化遗产 [MSC, simp.]
    lièwéi shìjiè wénhuàyíchǎn [Pinyin]
    to list as a world cultural heritage site
    世界無奇不有 [MSC, trad.]
    世界无奇不有 [MSC, simp.]
    Shìjiè zhī dà, wúqíbùyǒu. [Pinyin]
    The world is so big that nothing is too bizarre.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (世界):

Adverb[edit]

世界

  1. (Taiwanese Min Nan) extremely; super
    世界 [Taiwanese]  ―  sè-kài tiⁿ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  super sweet

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
かい
Grade: 3
goon kan’on

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 世界 (MC ɕiᴇiH kˠɛiH), originally a translation of Sanskrit लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world).[1][2] Compare modern Min Nan reading sè-kài.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

世界 (hiragana せかい, rōmaji sekai)

  1. the world
    • 1988 July 30 [Jul 25 1984], Fujiko F. Fujio, “ふたりぼっち [Altwo]”, in ポストの中の明日 [Post-Mid-Tomorrow] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 2), volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), 10th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 162:
      目にはみえないが、この () (かい)のほかに () (すう) () (かい) ()さなりあって (そん) (ざい)しているという…………。
      Me ni wa mienai ga, kono sekai no hoka ni musū no sekai ga kasanari atte sonzai shite iru to iu………….
      That means there are countless worlds that coexist with this one even though we can’t really see them………….
      そしてぼくはふたつの () (かい) (きょう) (かい) ()ぶってこっちへとびこんできたんだ‼
      Soshite boku wa futatsu no sekai no kyōkai o yabutte kotchi e tobikonda‼
      And I somehow managed to get across the boundary between our two worlds
    • 1997 June 30 [Jan 25 1980], Fujiko F. Fujio, “タンポポ空を行く [A Dandelion Soaring in the Sky]”, in ドラえもん [Doraemon], volume 18 (fiction, in Japanese), 58th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 188:
      はじめて () (ひろ) () (かい)が、 (たの)しみだったわ。
      Hajimete miru hiroi sekai ga, tanoshimi datta wa.
      I was so eager to see the vast world for the first time.
    • 1999 September 23, “ダーク・ラビット [Dark Rabbit]”, in Vol.5, Konami:
      アメリカンコミックの () (かい)のウサギ。とても () (ばや)くちょこまかと (うご)く。
      Amerikan komikku no sekai no usagi. Totemo subayaku chokomaka to ugoku.
      A bunny from the world of American comics. He restlessly leaps up and down like crazy fast.
    • 2000 January 27, “トゥーン・アリゲーター [Toon Alligator]”, in Vol.7, Konami:
      アメリカンコミックの () (かい)から (あらわ)れた、ワニのモンスター。
      Amerikan komikku no sekai kara arawareta, wani no monsutā.
      A crocodilian monster from the world of American comics.
     () (かい) (かっ) (こく)から
    sekai no kakkoku kara
    from each country of the world
  2. a metaphorical world (how one lives one's life)
     (かれ)はこの () (かい) ()んでいないようです。
    Kare wa kono sekai ni sunde inai yō desu.
    It's like he's not living in this world.
  3. society, the times
    Synonyms: 世間 (sekan), 世の中 (yo no naka)
  4. a realm, a circle, a sphere
    文学 (ぶんがく) () (かい)
    bungaku no sekai
    literary circles, the literary world
  5. (Buddhism) the four inner realms of 須弥山 (Shumisen)
  6. (Buddhism) a realm governed by a buddha
  7. (Buddhism) space, universe
  8. (tarot) the world

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

世界 (hiragana せかい, rōmaji Sekai)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

世界 (segye) (hangeul 세계)

  1. Hanja form? of 세계 (world).

Synonyms[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

世界 (hiragana しけー, romaji shikē)

  1. world, society

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

世界

  1. Hán tự form of thế giới, (“world”).