धातु

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See also: धातृ and धृत

Hindi[edit]

Noun[edit]

धातु (dhātuf

  1. metal, metallic element

Declension[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

धातु f

  1. Devanagari script form of dhātu (“element”)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

धातु m

  1. Devanagari script form of dhātu (“root of a word”)
    c. 500 AD, Kaccāyana, Pālivyākaraṇaṃ [Pali Grammar]‎[2] (in Pali), page 283; republished as Satish Chandra Acharyya Vidyabhusana, editor, Kaccayana's Pali Grammar (edited in Devanagari character and translated into English), Calcutta, Bengal: Mahabodhi Society, 1901:
    दिस इच्चेतस्स धातुस्स पस्स दिस्स दक्ख इच्चेते आदेसा होन्ति वा।
    Disa iccetassa dhātussa passa dissa dakkha iccete ādesā honti vā.
    'Dis': this root may become 'pass', 'diss' or 'dakkh'.

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Maybe inherited from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéh₁-tu-, in that case cognate with Avestan 𐬬𐬍𐬜𐬁𐬙𐬎(vīδātu, justification, providence), Lithuanian dė́tų (putting, placing, w:supine) (dated), Old Church Slavonic дѣтъ (dětŭ, putting, placing, supine).[1] Can be deconstructed as धा (dhā, to put, place) +‎ -तु (-tu) (see दधाति (dádhāti)).[2] The Sanskrit meaning may be explained as having developed from a resultative, ie “*the outcome of putting down”.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धातु (dhā́tum

  1. layer, stratum
  2. constituent part, ingredient
  3. element, primitive matter
  4. a constituent element or essential ingredient of the body
  5. primary element of the earth; i.e. metal, mineral, ore (especially a red mineral)
  6. (grammar) verbal root

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of धातु (dhā́tu)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative धातुः
dhā́tuḥ
धातू
dhā́tū
धातवः
dhā́tavaḥ
Vocative धातो
dhā́to
धातू
dhā́tū
धातवः
dhā́tavaḥ
Accusative धातुम्
dhā́tum
धातू
dhā́tū
धातून्
dhā́tūn
Instrumental धातुना / धात्वा¹
dhā́tunā / dhā́tvā¹
धातुभ्याम्
dhā́tubhyām
धातुभिः
dhā́tubhiḥ
Dative धातवे / धात्वे²
dhā́tave / dhā́tve²
धातुभ्याम्
dhā́tubhyām
धातुभ्यः
dhā́tubhyaḥ
Ablative धातोः / धात्वः²
dhā́toḥ / dhā́tvaḥ²
धातुभ्याम्
dhā́tubhyām
धातुभ्यः
dhā́tubhyaḥ
Genitive धातोः / धात्वः²
dhā́toḥ / dhā́tvaḥ²
धात्वोः
dhā́tvoḥ
धातूनाम्
dhā́tūnām
Locative धातौ
dhā́tau
धात्वोः
dhā́tvoḥ
धातुषु
dhā́tuṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Telugu: ధాతువు (dhātuvu)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008) Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 101f.
  2. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 784
  3. ^ Wackernagel, Jakob (1896-1964) Altindische Grammatik [Grammar of Ancient Indian] (Indogermanische Bibliothek. 2. Reihe: Wörterbücher)‎[1] (in German), volume II.2, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pages 663-65

Further reading[edit]

  • Otto Böhtlingk; Richard Schmidt (1879-1928), “धातु”, in Walter Slaje, Jürgen Hanneder, Paul Molitor, Jörg Ritter, editors, Nachtragswörterbuch des Sanskrit [Dictionary of Sanskrit with supplements] (in German), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, published 2016
  • Monier Williams (1899), “धातु”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 513.