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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *buɡs, *buɡ): semantic  ‎(walk) + phonetic  ‎(OC *buɡ, repeat)

Walk back and forth.

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人日水 (HOOAE), four-corner 28247, composition)

  1. return
  2. repeat, repeatedly

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 369, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 695, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 834, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5FA9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bɨuH/ /biuH/ /biəuH/ /buwH/ /biuH/ /bĭəuH/ /bʱi̯ə̯uH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (3)
Final: (4)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bɨuk̚/ /biuk̚/ /biuk̚/ /buwk̚/ /biuk̚/ /bĭuk̚/ /bʱi̯uk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjuwH › /*[N]-pruk-s/ again
‹ bjuwk › /*m-p(r)uk/ return

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3537 1 /*buɡs/
3550 1 /*buɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to return
  2. to repeat
  3. repeatedly
  4. 24th hexagram of the I Ching

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. restore
  2. return to
  3. revert
  4. resume

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bok, bu) (hangeul , , revised bok, bu, McCune-Reischauer pok, pu, Yale pok, pu)

  1. return
  2. repeat
  3. repeatedly

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phục, phức)

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