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See also: and
U+5FA9, 復
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FA9

[U+5FA8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FAA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 60, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人日水 (HOOAE), four-corner 28247, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 369, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 695, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 834, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5FA9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
復-oracle.svg 復-bronze.svg 復-silk.svg 復-slip.svg 復-seal.svg 復-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *buɡs, *buɡ): semantic (walk) + phonetic (OC *buɡ, repeat).

Walk back and forth.

Etymology[edit]

Compare Proto-Tibeto-Burman *m-p(j)up, whence Tibetan འབུབ་པ ('bub pa, turned over or upside down), Proto-Lolo-Burmese *pup (to turn over; to search for) (STEDT, Schuessler, 2007).

Within Chinese, cognate with (OC *puɡ, “lined (garment); double”), (OC *pʰuɡs, “to cover”), (OC *pʰuɡ, “to turn over”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bô - vernacular, for "again";
  • hók - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hog8 - literary;
    • huin3 - vernacular.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (3) (3)
    Final () (136) (4)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨuH/ /bɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biuH/ /biuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biəuH/ /biuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buwH/ /buwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuH/ /biuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭəuH/ /bĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ə̯uH/ /bʱi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fau6 fuk6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjuwH › ‹ bjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[N]-pruk-s/ /*m-p(r)uk/
    English again return

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 3537 3550
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*buɡs/ /*buɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to return
    2. to recover; to resume
      /   ―  kāng  ―  to recover from an illness
      /   ―  huī  ―  to return or restore to a former state
    3. to revenge; to avenge
      /   ―  chóu  ―  to avenge
    4. to reply
      alt. forms:
    5. again
      /   ―    ―  to relapse; to recur
      死灰 / 死灰  ―  sǐhuīrán  ―  to resurge (literally, “dead embers relight”)
    6. 24th hexagram of the I Ching

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. restore
    2. return to
    3. revert
    4. resume

    Readings[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    また
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    また
    [adverb] again, as well
    [conjunction] and, also
    Alternative spellings
    , ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC bɨuk̚).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 뽁〮 (Yale: ppwók)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Sinjeung Yuhap, 1576 도로 (Yale: twolwo) (Yale: pwok)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 돌아올 (doraol bok))

    1. Hanja form? of (return).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC bɨuH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 뿌ᇢ〮 (Yale: ppwúw)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Sinjeung Yuhap, 1576 다시 (Yale: tasi) (Yale: pwu)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pu(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 다시 (dasi bu))

    1. Hanja form? of (again).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: phục, phức, Phục

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.