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U+5FA9, 復
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FA9

[U+5FA8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FAA]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人日水 (HOOAE), four-corner 28247, composition)

  1. return
  2. repeat, repeatedly

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 369, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 695, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 834, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5FA9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
復-oracle.svg 復-bronze.svg 復-bigseal.svg 復-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*brɯɡ
*puɡs, *puɡ
*pʰuɡs, *buɡs, *pʰɯːɡ, *pʰuɡ
*buɡs, *buɡ
*buɡs, *buɡ
*buɡs, *puɡ
*brɯɡ, *buɡ
*puɡ
*puɡ, *buɡ
*pʰuɡ
*pʰuɡ, *buɡ
*buɡ
*buɡ
*buɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *buɡs, *buɡ): semantic (walk) + phonetic (OC *buɡ, repeat).

Walk back and forth.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (136) (4)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuH/ /bɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuH/ /biuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biəuH/ /biuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwH/ /buwk̚/
Li
Rong
/biuH/ /biuk̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭəuH/ /bĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ə̯uH/ /bʱi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwH › ‹ bjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N]-pruk-s/ /*m-p(r)uk/
English again return

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3537 3550
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*buɡs/ /*buɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to return
  2. to repeat
  3. repeatedly
  4. 24th hexagram of the I Ching

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. restore
  2. return to
  3. revert
  4. resume

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bok, bu) (hangeul , , revised bok, bu, McCune-Reischauer pok, pu, Yale pok, pu)

  1. return
  2. repeat
  3. repeatedly

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phục, phức)

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