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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  – narrow-minded, like a dog.

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 大竹大人人 (KHKOO), four-corner 44238, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 711, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20428
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1123, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1348, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+72F9

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (狹), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 洽
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 侯夾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛp̚/ /ɣăp̚/ /ɣɐp̚/ /ɦɯæp̚/ /ɦəɨp̚/ /ɣɐp̚/ /ɣɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiá ‹ hɛp › /*N-kˤ<r>ep/ narrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5896 2 /*ɡreːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. narrow, limited
  2. narrow-minded

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hẹp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.