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U+72F9, 狹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72F9

[U+72F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72FA]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 大竹大人人 (KHKOO), four-corner 44238, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 711, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20428
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1123, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1348, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+72F9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qrebs
*qeːbs
*kʰemʔ
*skaːb, *skeːb
*skaːb, *ɡeːb
*kreːb
*kreːb
*sʰreːɡ, *kreːb, *keːb
*kreːb
*kreːb
*ɡreːb
*ɡreːb
*ɡreːb
*ɡreːb
*ɡreːb
*sraːb, *srɯːb
*kraːb, *keːb
*keːb
*keːb
*keːb
*keːb
*keːb
*kʰeːb
*kʰeːb
*kʰeːb
*kʰeːb
*ɡeːb
*ɡeːb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡreːb): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  (OC *kreːb) – narrow-minded, like a dog.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ha̍p - literary;
  • hia̍p/oe̍h/e̍h - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕia³⁵/
Harbin /ɕia²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕia⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕia⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕia⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕia²⁴/
Xining /ɕia²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕia⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕia⁵³/
/t͡ɕʰia¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕia⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕia²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕia³¹/
Guiyang /ɕia²¹/
Kunming /ɕia̠³¹/
Nanjing /ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕiɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦaʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦaʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦiɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xa²²/
Tunxi /xɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕia²⁴/
Xiangtan /xɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /haʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /hap̚⁵/
Taoyuan /hiɑp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hap̚³/
Nanning /hap̚³³/
Hong Kong /hap̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hap̚⁵/
/ueʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa²⁴/
/kiɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiap̚⁵/
/oiʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiap̚³/
/kiap̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (152)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiá
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiá
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛp ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-kˤ<r>ep/
English narrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5896
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. narrow; limited
  2. narrow-minded

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hẹp)

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