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U+6D3D, 洽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D3D

[U+6D3C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D3E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水人一口 (EOMR), four-corner 38161, composition)

  1. to blend with, be in harmony
  2. to penetrate
  3. to cover

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 622, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17426
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1019, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1612, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6D3D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
洽-seal.svg 洽-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡruːb): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology[edit]

Causative of (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb, “to be together”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, it may be related to Tibetan འགྲུབ ('grub, to be accomplished) (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • hia̍p - vernacular;
  • ha̍p - literary (rare).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (152)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiá
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qià
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛp ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-kˁ<r>[o]p/
English accord with

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4992
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to moisten
  2. to be in accord; to be harmonious; to agree
  3. to consult
  4. extensive; wide

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note: vernacular.

Definitions[edit]

(Hokkien)

  1. (of liquids) thick; viscous
  2. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwan) mediocre; stupid; clumsy

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) Alternative form of (), the name of a river in Shaanxi now known as 金水河.
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Classic of Poetry, circa 11th – 7th centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
    Zài zhī yáng, zài Wèi zhī sì. [Pinyin]
    On the north of the He; on the banks of the Wei.

References[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Dong) to stick to, adhere
  2. (Min Dong) to be at
    [Min Dong]  ―  ĭ găk chuó / [i⁵⁵ kaʔ⁵ t͡sʰuɔ²¹³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  s/he is at home
    賓館底所 [Min Dong, trad.]
    宾馆底所 [Min Dong, simp.]
    Bĭng-guāng găk diē-nē̤? / [piŋ⁵⁵⁻⁵³ (k-)ŋuaŋ³³ kaʔ⁵ tie³³⁻³⁵ nˡœ³³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]
    Where's the hotel?

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“at, in”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing , ,
Taiwan
Jinan ,
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou ,
Hong Kong ,
Foshan ,
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) ,
Doumen
Taishan ,
Kaiping (Chikan)
Dongguan , ,
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou , ,
Fuqing ,
Min Nan Xiamen ,
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei , mT
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai , 辣辣, 辣海
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): こう (kō)
  • Kun: うるおす (uruosu), あまねし (amaneshi)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(heup) (hangeul , revised heup, McCune–Reischauer hŭp, Yale hup)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hiệp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.