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See also:
U+5408, 合
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5408

[U+5407]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5409]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一口 (OMR), four-corner 80601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 174, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 581, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5408

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
合-oracle.svg 合-bronze.svg 合-bronze-warring.svg 合-silk.svg 合-seal.svg 合-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (mouth) : Two mouths speaking together.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ha̍p - literary;
  • ha̍h/a̍h - vernacular;.
Note:
  • hah8 - vernacular;
  • hab8 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hop ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˤop/
English come together; bring together

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4970
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to close; to shut
    •   ―  shàng  ―  close
  2. to join; to combine; to unite; to bring together
    • /   ―    ―  to assemble
    •   ―    ―  to gather, to assemble
  3. to suit; to fit
  4. to have sexual intercourse
  5. to fight, to have a confrontation with
  6. to be equivalent to, to add up
  7. spouse
  8. whole; entire
  9. together
  10. Alternative form of (, “box”).
  11. (games, battle) round
  12. (astronomy) conjunction
  13. Classifier for the number of fights.
  14. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: literary reading.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəp̚/
Li
Rong
/kᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kop ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤop/
English together; put together; combined

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. One tenth of a (shēng); one decilitre.

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (music) Gongche notation of low sol (5̣).

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to close, to shut; all of, whole of”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“box; case; small box or case; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. fit
  2. suit
  3. join
  4. 0.1

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana ごう, rōmaji -gō, historical hiragana ごふ)

  1. covered containers
  2. battles

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ごう, rōmaji , historical hiragana ごふ)

  1. 0.18039 liters, equaling ten shakus or a tenth of a shō
  2. a tenth of the distance from the base to the summit of a mountain

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hap, gap) (hangeul , , revised hap, gap, McCune–Reischauer hap, kap)

Noun[edit]

  1. 0.18039 liters, equaling a tenth of a doe
  2. Unit of area equal to one tenth of a pyeong

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hợp, hiệp, cáp, cóp, góp, gộp, họp, hạp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]