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See also: 𠮷, , , , , , and
U+5409, 吉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5409

[U+5408]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+540A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土口 (GR), four-corner 40601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 175, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3289
  • Dae Jaweon: page 389, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 576, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5409

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠮷

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
吉-oracle.svg 吉-bronze.svg 吉-seal.svg 吉-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kriːl, *kriːd
*kiːds
*kʰids
*kriːd
*kriːd, *kiːd
*kriːd, *ɡiːd
*kʰriːd
*kʰriːd
*kʰriːd, *ɡlid, *qʰlid
*ɡriːd
*ŋreːd
*ked, *klid, *kʰid, *ɡrid
*kiːd
*kiːd, *klid
*kiːd
*kiːd, *klid, *ɡrid
*qʰiːd, *ɡiːd
*ɡiːd
*ɡiːd
*ɡiːd
*klid
*kid
*kʰid
*kʰid
*ɡlid, *ɡrid
*ɡrid
*ɡrid
*qʰlid
*qʰlid

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-kjit (happy; pleased).

Cantonese sense of “empty” arises from avoidance of (hung1), which is homophonous to (hung1, “inauspicious”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • kiat - vernacular;
    • kit - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
    /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕi²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕi⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
    /t͡ɕi³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐt̚⁵/
    Nanning /kɐt̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɐt̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kit̚³²/
    /kiat̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kit̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ji
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qi[t]/ (*C.q- > *k-, escaping palatalization)
    English auspicious

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5692
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klid/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. auspicious; lucky
    2. good
    3. (Cantonese, euphemistic) empty
    4. Short for 吉林 (Jílín, “Jilin Province”).
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    きち
    Grade: S
    on’yomi


    Kanji in this term
    きつ
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana きち, rōmaji kichi, alternative reading きつ, rōmaji kitsu)

    1. good luck

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gil) (hangeul , revised gil, McCune–Reischauer kil, Yale kil)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cát, kiết)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville