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See also: 𠮷, , , , , , and
U+5409, 吉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5409

[U+5408]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+540A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土口 (GR), four-corner 40601, composition)

Derived glyphs[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 175, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3289
  • Dae Jaweon: page 389, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 576, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5409

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠮷

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
吉-oracle.svg 吉-bronze.svg 吉-bigseal.svg 吉-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kriːl, *kriːd
kiːds
kʰids
kriːd
kriːd, *kiːd
kriːd, *ɡiːd
kʰriːd
kʰriːd
kʰriːd, *ɡlid, *qʰlid
ɡriːd
ŋreːd
ked, *klid, *kʰid, *ɡrid
kiːd
kiːd, *klid
kiːd
kiːd, *klid, *ɡrid
qʰiːd, *ɡiːd
ɡiːd
ɡiːd
ɡiːd
klid
kid
kʰid
kʰid
ɡlid, *ɡrid
ɡrid
ɡrid
qʰlid
qʰlid

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-kjit (happy; pleased).

Cantonese sense of “empty” arises from avoidance of (hung1), which is homophonous to (hung1, “inauspicious”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • kiat - vernacular;
    • kit - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕi²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
/t͡ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /kɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kit̚³²/
/kiat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kit̚/
Li
Rong
/kiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qi[t]/ (*C.q- > *k-, escaping palatalization)
English auspicious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5692
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klid/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. auspicious; lucky
  2. good
  3. (Cantonese, euphemistic) empty
  4. Short for 吉林 (Jílín, “Jilin Province”).
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
きち
Grade: S
on’yomi
Kanji in this term
きつ
Grade: S
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きち, rōmaji kichi, alternative reading きつ, rōmaji kitsu)

  1. good luck

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gil) (hangeul , revised gil, McCune-Reischauer kil, Yale kil)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cát, kiết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville