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U+51F6, 凶
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51F6

[U+51F5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51F7]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 17 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 山大 (UK), four-corner 22770, composition)

  1. culprit, sinister
  2. murder
  3. fierce, violent
  4. bad
  5. sad

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 135, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1803
  • Dae Jaweon: page 300, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 306, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+51F6

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
凶-silk.svg 凶-bigseal.svg 凶-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰos
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huawŋ/
Li
Rong
/xioŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ(r)oŋ/
English unlucky

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13889
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰoŋ/

Definitions[edit]

1 fierce; ferocious 2 terrible; fearful 3 inauspicious

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō)

  1. ill fortune

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ill fortune

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyung) (hangeul , revised hyung, McCune-Reischauer hyung, Yale hyung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.