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See also: and 𝍆
U+5167, 內
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5167

[U+5166]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5168]
內 U+2F814, 內
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F814
㒹
[U+2F813]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 再
[U+2F815]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 11, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人月 (OB), four-corner 40227, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nuːms, *nuːb, *rnoːd
*nuːbs
*tnobs, *njobs
*njobs
*njobs
*njobs
*njobs
*njobs, *lobs, *njod
*nuːns, *nuːd
*nuːb
*nuːb
*nuːb, *noːb
*nuːb
*nuːb
*rnuːd
*rnuːd, *nuːd, *nuɡ
*nod
*njod
*nuːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nuːbs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *njub, to enter).

Etymology[edit]

Related to (OC *njub, “to enter”); see there for more.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lōe - literary;
  • lāi/lǎi - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /nei⁵¹/
    Harbin /nei⁵³/
    Tianjin /nei⁵³/
    Jinan /nei²¹/
    Qingdao /ne⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /nei³¹²/
    Xi'an /luei⁴⁴/
    Xining /nuɨ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /nuei¹³/
    Lanzhou /luei¹³/
    Ürümqi /nei²¹³/
    Wuhan /nei³⁵/
    Chengdu /nuei¹³/
    Guiyang /nuei²¹³/
    Kunming /nuei²¹²/
    Nanjing /luəi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /le⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /nai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /næ³⁵/
    Hohhot /nɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ne²³/
    Suzhou /ne̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /nei¹³/
    Wenzhou /nai²²/
    Hui Shexian /nɛ²²/
    Tunxi /lə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /lei⁵⁵/
    /lei¹¹/
    Xiangtan /nəi²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /lui²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /nui⁵³/
    Taoyuan /mui⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /nɔi²²/
    Nanning /nui²²/
    Hong Kong /nɔi²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lue²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuɔi²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /no⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lai³⁵/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /nui³³/
    /lai³³/ 訓裡

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (42)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nuʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nuoiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nuɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nwəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /nuᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nuɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nuɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nuì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nwojH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[u]p-s/
    English inside

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9381
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːbs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. inside; interior; internal; inner
      Antonyms: (wài)
      /   ―  nèishāng  ―  internal injury
    2. room; inner room
    3. court; imperial palace
    4. woman; wife
    5. domestic
      /   ―  nèizhàn  ―  civil war
    6. heart; mind; self
    7. (traditional Chinese medicine) internal organs
    8. (Buddhism) Buddhist sutras
    9. 65th tetragram of the Taixuanjing

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nop ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[u]p/
    English bring or send in

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to enter
    2. Original form of (, “to pay”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    This character is not used in Japanese and lacks JIS support. Tha variant (U+5185) is used instead.


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (nae, nap) (hangeul , , revised nae, nap, McCune–Reischauer nae, nap, Yale nay, nap)

    1. inside

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nội)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.