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U+584A, 塊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-584A

[U+5849]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+584B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土竹山戈 (GHUI), four-corner 46113, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 235, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 472, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 464, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+584A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tkuːlʔ, *krul
*kuːl, *ɡuːl
*kuːl, *kʰuːlʔ
*kuːl
*kʰuːl
*kʰuːlʔ, *qulʔ
*kʰuːls, *kʰruːds
*ŋɡuːl, *ŋɡuːlʔ
*ŋɡuːlʔ
*ɡuːl, *ɡruːl
*ɡuːlʔ
*ɡuːlʔ
*ɡuːlʔ, *qruːl
*ɡuːls, *krul
*ɡruːl
*krul, *kruls, *kul
*kruls
媿 *kruls
*kruls
*ɡruls
*kulʔ
*ŋɡuls
*ŋul
*ŋul, *ŋuls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰuːls, *kʰruːds): semantic  (earth; dust) + phonetic  (OC *kulʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰuai⁵³/
Xining /kʰuɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /kʰuɛ⁵³/
/kʰuɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɛ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuai⁴²/
Chengdu /kʰuai⁵³/
Guiyang /kʰuai⁴²/
Kunming /kʰuæ⁵³/
Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/ 一~糖
/kʰuai⁵³/ 糖~~
Pingyao /kʰuæ⁵³/
/xuæ⁵³/ 一~人
Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/ 兩~錢
/kʰuɛ⁵³/ 石頭~子
Wu Shanghai /kʰue³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰue̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰai⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kʰuai⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
Nanning /fai³³/
/wai³³/
Hong Kong /fai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei)
Shantou (Min Nan) /ko²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xɔi³⁵/
/xuai³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuoiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwəjH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰuɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuài kuài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwɛjH › ‹ khwojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤ<r>uj-s/ /*[kʰ]ˤuj-s/
English clod, lump clod; lump

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4666 4676
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰuːls/ /*kʰruːds/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. piece; chunk; lump; part
  2. (colloquial) Classifier for money: yuan; dollar; buck
  3. Classifier for piece of something (food, cloth, stone): piece; chunk; slab
  4. Classifier for areas of land: plot; tract; area
  5. (Sichuan, obsolete) tomb; grave
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“yuan; dollar”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 蚊雞
Hong Kong 蚊雞
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan 蚊雞
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Lianjiang
Nanning
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning 蚊雞
Guilin
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou

See also[edit]

  • (Cantonese)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing
Harbin
Tianjin
Jinan
Qingdao
Zhengzhou
Xi'an
Xining
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Kunming
Nanjing
Hefei
Jin Taiyuan
Pingyao
Hohhot
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Hui Shexian
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha
Xiangtan
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Nanning
Hong Kong
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /te²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøy³²/ 訓讀
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan)

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) piece; chunk; lump; part
  2. (Min) Classifier for piece of something (food, cloth, stone): piece; chunk; slab
  3. (Min Dong) place
  4. (Min Dong, colloquial) Classifier for money: yuan; dollar; buck
  5. (Min Dong) Classifier for places.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (yuan): see dialectal synonyms table above

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かたまり, rōmaji katamari)

  1. lump, mass, clump, clod, glob

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(goe) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer koe)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khối, cỏi, khỏi, hòn, khói)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.