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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

鬼 鬼 鬼 鬼
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a man or figure with an ugly face and tail.

Compare (different, strange), where the 田 also derives from a face.

It may not be clear from the character, but the lower right “dot” is a small ; it is a residual tail – compare .

Graphically, modern form is  +  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 194 +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山戈 (HUI), 竹戈 (HI), four-corner 26213)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1460, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45758
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1993, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4427, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9B3C

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
Stroke order
鬼-bw.png
Stroke order
鬼-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
鬼-cursive-order.gif
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Etymology[edit]

Unknown. May be related to (“to overawe, to terrorise”) with k-nominalisation and endoactive tone B, lit. "the thing which is doing the overawing", or related to (“to return”). See also (“to deceive; peculiar”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鬼), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居偉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʉiX/ /kwe̯iX/ /kiuəiX/ /kʷɨiX/ /kujX/ /kĭwəiX/ /kiuəiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guǐ ‹ kjwɨjX › /*k-ʔujʔ/ ghost

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4689 2 /*kulʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ghost, especially that of a deceased who has returned to haunt the living; devil; apparition
    房子常常 [MSC, trad.]
    房子常常 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè fángzǐ chángcháng nàoguǐ. [Pinyin]
    This house is haunted.
  2. goblin; demon; spirit
  3. stealthy; tricky; furtive
  4. a sinister plot; a dirty trick
    心裡有 / 心里有  ―  xīnlǐyǒuguǐ  ―  to harbour intentions that can't bear daylight
  5. devilish; damned; ghastly
    天氣 / 天气  ―  guǐ tiānqì  ―  damned weather
  6. (informal) clever; smart; quick
    孩子得很 [MSC, trad.]
    孩子得很 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè háizǐ guǐ dehěn! [Pinyin]
    This kid is amazingly smart!
  7. (derogatory) fool; blockhead; guy
    那個 [MSC, trad.]
    那个 [MSC, simp.]
    Nàge lǎoguǐ yòu lái le. [Pinyin]
    That gaffer is coming again.
  8. Derogatory name for people with a flaw or vice.
    /   ―  yānguǐ  ―  heavy smoker
      ―  jiǔguǐ  ―  alcoholic
    /   ―  lǎnguǐ  ―  lazybones
  9. (intimate) imp; urchin
      ―  xiǎoguǐ  ―  imp
    機靈 / 机灵  ―  jīlíngguǐ  ―  crafty child
  10. (regional, usually in compounds) a Caucasian or Western person
    [Cantonese]  ―  gwai2 lou2 [Jyutping]  ―  gweilo (derogatory term for a white person)
  11. (Cantonese, inserted in certain adjectives) so; very
  12. (vulgar) an intensifier
    什麽233  ―  shénmeguǐ 233  ―  what the hell LOL
    [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Keoi5 mat1 gwai2 dou1 jiu3! [Jyutping]
    He wants everything!
  13. Kangxi radical 194 "ghost, demon"

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (鬼):


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
おに
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Thought to be derived from (on, to hide, hidden from sight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おに, romaji oni)

  1. ghost
  2. evil spirit, demon
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 32)
      人神 周易云、人神曰鬼、居偉反、和名於邇、或説云、於邇者、隠音之訛也、鬼物隠而不欲顯形、故以稱也。
  3. someone of remarkable or diabolical energy or ability; demon
    彼女 (かのじょ)仕事 (しごと) (おに)だ。
    kanojo wa shigoto no oni da.
    She is a demon for work.
  4. "it" in a game of tag, hide and seek, kick the can, etc.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwi) (hangeul , revised gwi, McCune-Reischauer kwi, Yale kwi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quỷ, khuỷu, quẽ, quỉ, sưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.