鬼神

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Chinese[edit]

ghost; sly; crafty
 
God; unusual; mysterious; soul; spirit; divine essence; lively; spiritual being
simp. and trad.
(鬼神)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

鬼神

  1. ghosts and spirits

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
しん > じん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 鬼神 (/kʉiX ʑiɪn/ invalid IPA characters (X), literally devil, devilish + god, spirit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

鬼神 (hiragana きじん, rōmaji kijin)

  1. a fierce god or spirit
  2. all of the spirits and souls and gods of the world
  3. (Buddhism) someone with superhuman power or ability, such as Śakra, the ruler of heaven, or a rakshasa or demon

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おに
Grade: S
かみ > がみ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Compound of (oni, devil, demon, malevolent spirit) +‎ (kami, spirit, god).[2][1] The kami changes to gami as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The term may have arisen as the native-Japanese reading of the Middle Chinese derived term kijin above.[2] Found in the Kokin Wakashū, published in roughly 905 CE.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

鬼神 (hiragana おにがみ, rōmaji onigami)

  1. an invisible spirit, particularly a fierce one

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

鬼神 (gwisin, McCune-Reischauer: kwisin, Yale: kwisin) (hangeul 귀신)

  1. Hanja form? of 귀신, “god, ghost, or spirit”.
  2. talent
  3. (look like) a fierce person

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

鬼神

  1. Hán tự form of quỷ thần, “god, ghost, or spirit