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U+798F, 福
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-798F

[U+798E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7990]
U+FA1B, 福
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA1B

[U+FA1A]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA1C]
福 U+2F956, 福
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F956
𥛅
[U+2F955]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 秫
[U+2F957]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈火一口田 (IFMRW), four-corner 31266, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰(K))

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References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 845, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2404, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+798F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
福-bronze.svg 福-silk.svg 福-seal.svg 福-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ).

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (OC *pɯɡs, “rich”), Tibetan ཕྱུགས (phyugs, livestock).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pək/
English blessing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3395
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. blessing; happiness; prosperity
  2. (literary) to bless
  3. good fortune
  4. Short for 福建 (Fújiàn, “Fujian”).
  5. A surname​. Fu.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (blessing): 幸福 (xìngfú)
  • (good fortune):
edit

Antonyms[edit]

  • (blessing): (literary, or in compounds) (huò)

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ふく) (fuku)
  • Korean: (, bok)
  • Vietnamese: phúc (), phước ()

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (2)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuwH/
Li
Rong
/pʰiuH/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu

Definitions[edit]

  1. to store; to garner
  2. to conform to; to fit in with

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

福 shinjitai.png

Kyūjitai

福 kyuujitai.PNG

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. good fortune, good luck

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC pɨuk̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ふく) (fuku

  1. good luck, good fortune
    Synonym: 幸運 (kōun)
    Antonym: (ka)
  2. happiness
  3. (Shinto, Buddhism) a blessing

Derived terms[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(ふく) (fuku-na (adnominal (ふく) (fuku na), adverbial (ふく) (fuku ni))

  1. wealthy

Inflection[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ふく) (Fuku

  1. a placename
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (bok))

  1. fortune

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phúc, phước)

  1. happy
  2. fortunate
  3. blessing