Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈火一口田 (IFMRW), four-corner 31266, composition)

Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 845, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2404, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+798F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (, “rich”), Old Tibetan ཕྱུགས ‎(phyugs, livestock).

Graphically: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (1)
Final: (4)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɨuk̚/ /piuk̚/ /piuk̚/ /puwk̚/ /piuk̚/ /pĭuk̚/ /pi̯uk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pjuwk › /*pək/ blessing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3395 0 /*pɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. blessing, happiness, good fortune, prosperity
  2. Abbreviation of 福建 (Fújiàn).
  3. A surname​. Fu.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (2)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɨuH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰiəuH/ /pʰuwH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰĭəuH/ /pʰi̯ə̯uH/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to store, to garner
  2. to conform to, to fit in with

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふく, romaji fuku)

  1. good luck, good fortune
  2. happiness

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bok) (hangeul , revised bok, McCune-Reischauer pok, Yale pok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phúc, phước)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.