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U+798F, 福
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-798F

[U+798E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7990]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈火一口田 (IFMRW), four-corner 31266, composition)

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References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 845, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2404, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+798F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
福-oracle.svg 福-bronze.svg 福-bigseal.svg 福-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯɡs
*pɯɡs, *pɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs, *pʰrɯɡ, *pʰɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs
*bɯːɡ
*bɯːɡ, *bɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*brɯɡ
*brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ).

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (OC *pɯɡs, “rich”), Tibetan ཕྱུགས(phyugs, livestock).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pək/
English blessing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3395
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. blessing; happiness; good fortune; prosperity
  2. Short for 福建 (Fújiàn, “Fujian”).
  3. A surname​. Fu.

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (2)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuwH/
Li
Rong
/pʰiuH/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu

Definitions[edit]

  1. to store; to garner
  2. to conform to; to fit in with

Japanese[edit]

shinjitai

福 shinjitai.png

kyūjitai

福 kyuujitai.PNG

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふく, romaji fuku)

  1. good luck, good fortune
  2. happiness

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bok) (hangeul , revised bok, McCune-Reischauer pok, Yale pok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phúc, phước)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.