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U+903C, 逼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-903C

[U+903B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+903D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 162, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜一口田 (YMRW), four-corner 31306, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1260, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1750, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3856, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+903C

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
逼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯɡs
*pɯɡs, *pɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs, *pʰrɯɡ, *pʰɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs
*bɯːɡ
*bɯːɡ, *bɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*brɯɡ
*brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bie1 - vernacular;
  • bi2, bi1 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Nan

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵⁵/
    Harbin /pi²⁴/
    Tianjin /pi²¹/
    Jinan /pi⁴²/
    Qingdao /pi⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
    Xi'an /pi²¹/
    Xining /pji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /pi¹³/
    Lanzhou /pi¹³/
    Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
    Wuhan /pi²¹³/
    Chengdu /pi³¹/
    /pi⁵⁵/
    /pie⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /pi²¹/
    Kunming /pi³¹/
    Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
    Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
    Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /pi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /pi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /piʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /pet̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
    Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*prək/
    English urge, press

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3378
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*prɯɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to compel; to pressure; to force
    2. to bother

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Mandarin) Alternative form of ().

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms

    Probably from (piat).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Nan) to interpret (one's fortune, etc.)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (pip, byeok) (hangeul , , revised pip, byeok, McCune–Reischauer p'ip, pyŏk, Yale phip, pyek)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bức, bực)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.